Maturity-related changes in venom toxicity of the freshwater stingray Potamotrygon leopoldi.

Abstract

Aquatic venomous animals such as stingrays represent a largely untapped source for venom-based drug development. However, the major challenge for a potential drug development pipeline is the high inter- and intraspecific variability in toxicity and venom composition. As of today, little is known about maturity-driven changes in these traits in stingrays… (More)
DOI: 10.1016/j.toxicon.2014.10.011

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