Mating tactics and mating system of an aquatic-mating pinniped: the harbor seal, Phoca vitulina

@article{Boness2006MatingTA,
  title={Mating tactics and mating system of an aquatic-mating pinniped: the harbor seal, Phoca vitulina},
  author={Daryl J. Boness and William Don Bowen and Birgit M. Buhleier and Greg J. Marshall},
  journal={Behavioral Ecology and Sociobiology},
  year={2006},
  volume={61},
  pages={119-130}
}
Our best understanding of marine mammal mating systems comes from land-mating pinnipeds. Logistical problems of observing behavior at sea have limited our ability to make inferences about species with aquatic-mating systems, which comprise over half the pinnipeds. The mating systems of these species likely involve different mating tactics than land-mating species. We used several methods in combination (e.g., animal-borne cameras, radio telemetry, time-depth recorders, and DNA paternity… 
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