Mathematical Talent is Linked to Autism

  title={Mathematical Talent is Linked to Autism},
  author={Simon Baron-Cohen and Sally J. Wheelwright and A. Burtenshaw and Esther Hobson},
  journal={Human Nature},
A total of 378 mathematics undergraduates (selected for being strong at “systemizing”) and 414 students in other (control) disciplines at Cambridge University were surveyed with two questions: (1) Do you have a diagnosed autism spectrum condition? (2) How many relatives in your immediate family have a diagnosed autism spectrum condition? Results showed seven cases of autism in the math group (or 1.85%) vs one case of autism in the control group (or 0.24%), a ninefold difference that is… 

Examining Predictors of Math Ability Among Students with Autism

A widely held, stereotyped belief is that students with autism tend to be mathematically gifted. This stereotype has some support in the annals of autism research, but more recently, researchers have


  • Psychology
  • 2015
Although clinical practitioners often express concerns about the mathematical functioning of children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD), the field of mathematics remains a relatively unexplored

Mathematical Abilities in Elementary School Children with Autism Spectrum Disorder

Although clinical practitioners often express concerns about the mathematical functioning of children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD), the field of mathematics remains a relatively unexplored

Math Anxiety of Students with High Functioning Autism Spectrum Disorder

It is widely accepted that many students with High Functioning Autism Spectrum Disorder (HF-ASD) experience anxiety which reportedly affects their performance at school and particularly their

Unexpected Mathematical Achievements, Assessed with Multiple-choice Tests, in an Adult with Down Syndrome and Autism Spectrum Disorder

A child with intellectual disabilities who has communication and fine motor impairments and who takes multiple choice tests is likely to have low levels of self-consistency on the MCTs.

Comparison of Mathematics Problem-Solving Abilities in Autistic and Non-autistic Children: the Influence of Cognitive Profile.

This study examines relationships between mathematical problem-solving performance (in terms of strategies used and accuracy) and the main cognitive domains associated with mathematical learning

Systemisers are better at maths

It is shown, for the first time, that systemising tendencies do predict both self-assessed maths skills and mathematical intelligence, before and after controlling for nonmathematical intelligence, sex, and occupation.

Early numerical competencies and mathematical abilities in children with autism spectrum disorder

Studies comparing mathematical abilities of children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) and typically developing children are hitherto scarce, inconclusive, and they mainly focus on elementary

Autism and Mathematical Talent

A utism is a developmental or personality disorder, not an illness, but autism can coexist with mental illnesses such as schizophrenia and manic-depression. It shows itself in early childhood and is

A Developmental Study of Mathematics in Children with Autism Spectrum Disorder, Symptoms of Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder, or Typical Development

The results revealed that the ASD-WoID and ADHD samples displayed significant and comparable delays in problem solving and calculation abilities and Lower VIQ was related to lower math achievement across all subgroups.



The Autism-Spectrum Quotient (AQ): Evidence from Asperger Syndrome/High-Functioning Autism, Malesand Females, Scientists and Mathematicians

The Autism-Spectrum Quotient is a valuable instrument for rapidly quantifying where any given individual is situated on the continuum from autism to normality, and its potential for screening for autism spectrum conditions in adults of normal intelligence remains to be fully explored.

Two new theories of autism: hyper-systemising and assortative mating

Harrison and colleagues find that the 13–15 year old age group who would have received their MMR during the data collection phase were actually less numerous than the 4–10 year old group, suggesting this high rate cannot be due to the MMR vaccine (since both age groups were exposed to theMMR).

Does Autism Occur More Often in Families of Physicists, Engineers, and Mathematicians?

The study reported here tests a prediction that autism hould occur more often in families of individuals whose occupation requires advanced folk physics but with no requirement of good folk

A mathematician, a physicist and a computer scientist with Asperger syndrome: Performance on folk psychology and folk physics tests

Abstract We describe three cases of very-high-functioning individuals with Asperger syndrome, two of whom are university students (in physics and computer science, respectively), and the third a

Brief Report Prevalence of Autism Spectrum Conditions in Children Aged 5-11 Years in Cambridgeshire, UK

The study aimed to establish prevalence of the broader autistic spectrum, including Asperger syndrome, in 5- to 11-year-olds in Cambridgeshire, UK, and reports a prevalence of ASC of almost 0.6 percent, 11 times higher than the rate of classic autism but in line with other recent national and international rates for the broader spectrum.

Is There a Link between Engineering and Autism?

Autism is a severe childhood neuropsychiatric condition with a substantial genetic component. At the cognitive level children with autism are impaired in the development of their folk psychology,

Using self-report to identify the broad phenotype in parents of children with autistic spectrum disorders: a study using the Autism-Spectrum Quotient.

The Autism Spectrum Quotient appears to be sensitive to the broad phenotype, provided attention is restricted to the social skills and communication scales.

The systemizing quotient: an investigation of adults with Asperger syndrome or high-functioning autism, and normal sex differences.

A new self-report questionnaire, the Systemizing Quotient (SQ), which reveals both a sex difference in systemizing in the general population and an unusually strong drive to systemize in Asperger syndrome or high-functioning autism.

Empathising and Systemising in Adults with and without Asperger Syndrome

Females scored significantly lower than both male groups on the systemising task, who did not differ significantly from each other, in line with both the E–S theory of autism and the ‘extreme male brain’ theory of Autism.