Math Fluency: Accuracy Versus Speed in Preoperational and Concrete Operational First and Second Grade Children

@article{RamosChristian2008MathFA,
  title={Math Fluency: Accuracy Versus Speed in Preoperational and Concrete Operational First and Second Grade Children},
  author={Vanessa Ramos-Christian and Robert Schleser and Mary Elizabeth Varn},
  journal={Early Childhood Education Journal},
  year={2008},
  volume={35},
  pages={543-549}
}
Cognitive abilities as well as math fluency play an important role in mathematical skills. Understanding the relationship between cognitive abilities and mathematical skills is imperative to teaching effective arithmetic skills. The present study aimed to investigate the relationship between cognitive ability and math fluency with 38 first and second grade elementary aged children. Results demonstrate that preoperational children lacked the speed of concrete operational children but achieved… 

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