# Math Anxiety, Working Memory, and Math Achievement in Early Elementary School

@article{Ramirez2013MathAW, title={Math Anxiety, Working Memory, and Math Achievement in Early Elementary School}, author={Gerardo Ramirez and Elizabeth A Gunderson and Susan C. Levine and Sian L. Beilock}, journal={Journal of Cognition and Development}, year={2013}, volume={14}, pages={187 - 202} }

Although math anxiety is associated with poor mathematical knowledge and low course grades (Ashcraft & Krause, 2007), research establishing a connection between math anxiety and math achievement has generally been conducted with young adults, ignoring the emergence of math anxiety in young children. In the current study, we explored whether math anxiety relates to young children's math achievement. One hundred and fifty-four first- and second-grade children (69 boys, 85 girls) were given a… Expand

#### Paper Mentions

#### 326 Citations

On the relationship between math anxiety and math achievement in early elementary school: The role of problem solving strategies.

- Psychology, Medicine
- Journal of experimental child psychology
- 2016

It is demonstrated that children who have the highest cognitive capacity avoid using advanced problem solving strategies when they are high in math anxiety and, as a result, underperform in math compared with their lower working memory peers. Expand

Mathematics Anxiety, Working Memory, and Mathematics Performance in Secondary-School Children

- Psychology, Medicine
- Front. Psychol.
- 2016

Analysis of academic achievement and cognitive profiles of students with high math anxiety and low math anxiety showed that HMA students were weak in several measures of mathematics achievement, but not in reading and writing skills, and that students with HMA reported lower scores on short-term memory and WM performances. Expand

Longitudinal relations between young students’ feelings about mathematics and arithmetic performance

- Psychology
- 2021

Abstract Math anxiety is a common correlate of math performance for adults. Research on young children’s emotional reactions to math is limited, but critical for determining how math anxiety… Expand

Math anxiety and its relationship with basic arithmetic skills among primary school children

- Psychology, Medicine
- The British journal of educational psychology
- 2017

As math anxiety, particularly about math-related situations, was related to arithmetic fluency even as early as the second grade, children's negative feelings and math anxiety should be identified and addressed from the early primary school years. Expand

Math Anxiety in Second and Third Graders and Its Relation to Mathematics Achievement

- Psychology, Medicine
- Front. Psychology
- 2012

The development of Scale for Early Mathematics Anxiety (SEMA), a new measure for assessing math anxiety in second and third graders that is based on the Math Anxiety Rating Scale is described, providing the first evidence that the specific effects of math anxiety can be detected in the earliest stages of formal math learning in school. Expand

Children’s Math Anxiety Predicts Their Math Achievement Over and Above a Key Foundational Math Skill

- Psychology
- 2020

ABSTRACT Math anxiety negatively predicts young children’s math achievement. While some researchers have suggested that math anxiety may stem from poor math ability, others have argued that math… Expand

Math anxiety and math performance in children: The mediating roles of working memory and math self‐concept

- Psychology, Medicine
- The British journal of educational psychology
- 2017

Results suggest that working memory and self-concept could be worth considering when designing interventions aimed at helping students with math anxiety, and could also be used to better understand the mediational mechanisms that may explain the relationship between math anxiety and math performance. Expand

Math Anxiety in Combination With Low Visuospatial Memory Impairs Math Learning in Children

- Psychology, Medicine
- Front. Psychol.
- 2019

It is found that if children have little or no math anxiety, enough WM resources are left for math learning, so learning is not impeded, however, if they have high math anxiety and low visuospatial WM capacity, math learning is significantly impaired. Expand

Research Suggests that Timed Tests Cause Math Anxiety

- Psychology
- 2014

low achievement, math avoidance, and negative experiences of math throughout life (Ramirez et al. 2013; Yo u n g , Wu , a n d Me n o n 2 0 1 2 ) . Educators have witnessed the impact of math anxiety… Expand

The relationship between math anxiety and math achievement in young children is mediated through working memory, not by number sense, and it is not direct

- Psychology
- 2021

Abstract Math anxiety is considered a predictor of math achievement, although the cognitive mechanism whereby math anxiety impairs math achievement is unclear. The paper presents the results of… Expand

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