Maternity Leave, Early Maternal Employment and Child Health and Development in the Us

@article{Berger2005MaternityLE,
  title={Maternity Leave, Early Maternal Employment and Child Health and Development in the Us},
  author={Lawrence M. Berger and Jennifer L Hill and Jane Waldfogel},
  journal={Health Economics},
  year={2005}
}
This paper uses data from the National Longitudinal Survey of Youth to explore links between mothers’ returns to work within 12 weeks of giving birth and health and developmental outcomes for their children. OLS models and propensity score matching methods are utilised to account for selection bias. Considerable associations between early returns to work and children’s outcomes are found suggesting causal relationships between early returns to work and reductions in breastfeeding and… Expand
The effects of parental leave on child health and postnatal care: Evidence from Australia
TLDR
Examining the effects of parental leave on measures of child health and the provision of health inputs to the child found that parental leave around childbirth was significantly associated with prolonged breastfeeding, up-to-date immunisation and other positive effects on some chronic health conditions such as asthma, bronchiolitis. Expand
The effects of maternity leave on children's birth and infant health outcomes in the United States.
  • M. Rossin
  • Medicine
  • Journal of health economics
  • 2011
TLDR
It is found that maternity leave led to small increases in birth weight, decreases in the likelihood of a premature birth, and substantial decreases in infant mortality for children of college-educated and married mothers, who were most able to take advantage of unpaid leave. Expand
Family Leave after Childbirth and the Health of New Mothers
TLDR
Examination of the association between family leave length, which includes leave taking by mothers and fathers, and behavioral and physical health outcomes among new mothers finds that longer maternity leave from work is associated with declines in depressive symptoms, a reduction in the likelihood of severe depression, and an improvement in overall maternal health. Expand
Mothers’ timing of return to work by leave use and pre-birth job characteristics
Abstract This paper explores the timing of mothers’ return to work using data from the 2005 Parental Leave in Australia Survey (PLAS), which was nested in Wave 1.5 of the Longitudinal Study ofExpand
Family leave after childbirth and the mental health of new mothers.
TLDR
Findings suggest that post-partum health services that target mothers' mental and physical health, and its effects on infants, may be useful and suggest that longer leave after childbirth may improve the health of new mothers. Expand
Does maternity leave affect child health? Evidence form Parental Leave in Australia survey
TLDR
The results show that mothers who take maternity leave are more likely to breastfeed their children and also that longer-term maternity leave is associated with an increase in the duration of breastfeeding, and the effects of PPL on these conditions is ambiguous. Expand
Determinants of Maternity Leave Duration in Australia: Evidence from the Hilda Survey
We use the first five waves of the Household, Income and Labour Dynamics in Australia survey to examine what determines the maternity leave taken by pre-birth employed mothers of newborn children inExpand
The long-run effect of maternity leave benefits on mental health: evidence from European countries.
TLDR
Findings suggest that a more generous maternity leave during the birth of a first child is associated with a reduced score of 0.38 points in the Euro-D depressive symptom scale in old age. Expand
Returning to Work One Year After Childbirth: Data from the Mother–Child Cohort EDEN
TLDR
Across all indicator variables, women of higher socioeconomic status or with greater resources had greater odds of returning to work compared to those of lower status, suggesting that the crucial period of employment transition around the time of childbirth may intensify preexisting social inequalities. Expand
Maternity leave and children's health outcomes in the long-term.
TLDR
It is found that the legislative change generated positive long-term health effects: children born after the implementation of the reform experience fewer hospital admissions and are less likely to be diagnosed with mental and behavioral disorders. Expand
...
1
2
3
4
5
...

References

SHOWING 1-10 OF 78 REFERENCES
Maternity Rights and Mothers' Return to Work
In this paper we use the ALSPAC cohort of 12,000 births to examine the effect of maternity rights on mothers' post-birth return to employment decisions. We aim to disentangle the effects of the termsExpand
Maternity leave and the employment of new mothers in the United States
Abstract.We use data from the National Longitudinal Survey of Youth to examine the relationships between maternity leave coverage and U.S. women’s post-birth leave taking and employment decisionsExpand
Women's labor force transitions in connection with childbirth: A panel data comparison between Germany, Sweden and Great Britain
TLDR
It is found that German and British women have even higher full-time labor force participation than Swedish women 12 months before the birth of the first child, and women's own human capital is important both in Germany and Great Britain. Expand
Effects of Public and Private Policies on Working after Childbirth
This study investigates the impact of parental leave laws, policies that help families balance work and family life, and the supply, cost, and quality of substitutes for the mother's time on how soonExpand
Maternal employment and child cognitive outcomes in the first three years of life: The NICHD study of early child care
With increased numbers of women employed in their children’s first year of life and with increased attention being paid by parents and policy makers to the importance of early experiences forExpand
Paid Leave and the Timing of Women's Employment before and after Birth.
Key Words: childbirth, paid leave, women's employment, work interruptions. From a theoretical perspective, a paid leave policy for childbirth has two effects: It encourages some women to interruptExpand
Labor Supply Effects of State Maternity Leave Legislation
25% of all employed US mothers of newborns are on either paid or unpaid leave. The proportion of new mothers which is employed but not at work shrinks rapidly as the child ages so that virtually allExpand
Parental Leave and Child Health
  • C. Ruhm
  • Medicine
  • Journal of health economics
  • 2000
TLDR
There is a much stronger negative relationship between leave durations and post-neonatal or child fatalities than for perinatal mortality, neonatal deaths, or low birth weight, which suggests that parental leave may be a cost-effective method of bettering child health. Expand
Barefoot and in a German kitchen: Federal parental leave and benefit policy and the return to work after childbirth in Germany
TLDR
During the leave mothers are less likely to return to work the longer is the time left in the leave protection period; however, this result cannot be attributed generally to high levels of maternity benefits. Expand
Demographic consequences of maternal-leave programs in industrial countries: evidence from fixed-effects models.
TLDR
The extension of maternal leave programs, measured in terms of duration of paid leave, is shown to reduce infant mortality, to raise rates of labor force participation for women in the prime childbearing ages, and to increase birth rates, and the findings suggest that maternalLeave programs can facilitate some increases in women's labor force Participation without incurring the reductions in fertility. Expand
...
1
2
3
4
5
...