Maternity Leave, Early Maternal Employment and Child Health and Development in the Us

  title={Maternity Leave, Early Maternal Employment and Child Health and Development in the Us},
  author={Lawrence M. Berger and Jennifer L Hill and Jane Waldfogel},
  journal={Health Economics},
This paper uses data from the National Longitudinal Survey of Youth to explore links between mothers’ returns to work within 12 weeks of giving birth and health and developmental outcomes for their children. OLS models and propensity score matching methods are utilised to account for selection bias. Considerable associations between early returns to work and children’s outcomes are found suggesting causal relationships between early returns to work and reductions in breastfeeding and… 

Family Leave after Childbirth and the Health of New Mothers

Examination of the association between family leave length, which includes leave taking by mothers and fathers, and behavioral and physical health outcomes among new mothers finds that longer maternity leave from work is associated with declines in depressive symptoms, a reduction in the likelihood of severe depression, and an improvement in overall maternal health.

Mothers’ timing of return to work by leave use and pre-birth job characteristics

Abstract This paper explores the timing of mothers’ return to work using data from the 2005 Parental Leave in Australia Survey (PLAS), which was nested in Wave 1.5 of the Longitudinal Study of

Family leave after childbirth and the mental health of new mothers.

Findings suggest that post-partum health services that target mothers' mental and physical health, and its effects on infants, may be useful and suggest that longer leave after childbirth may improve the health of new mothers.

Does maternity leave affect child health? Evidence form Parental Leave in Australia survey

The results show that mothers who take maternity leave are more likely to breastfeed their children and also that longer-term maternity leave is associated with an increase in the duration of breastfeeding, and the effects of PPL on these conditions is ambiguous.

The E(cid:27)ects of Parental Leave on Child Health and Postnatal Care: Evidence from Australia

It is found that parental leave around childbirth was Significantly associated with prolonged breastfeeding, up-to-date immunisation and other positive e(cid:27)ects on some chronic health conditions such as asthma, bronchiolitis.

Determinants of Maternity Leave Duration in Australia: Evidence from the Hilda Survey

We use the first five waves of the Household, Income and Labour Dynamics in Australia survey to examine what determines the maternity leave taken by pre-birth employed mothers of newborn children in

The Long-Run Effect of Maternity Leave Benefits on Mental Health: Evidence from European Countries

Findings suggest that a more generous maternity leave during the birth of a first child is associated with a reduced score of 0.38 points in the Euro-D depressive symptom scale in old age.

Returning to Work One Year After Childbirth: Data from the Mother–Child Cohort EDEN

Across all indicator variables, women of higher socioeconomic status or with greater resources had greater odds of returning to work compared to those of lower status, suggesting that the crucial period of employment transition around the time of childbirth may intensify preexisting social inequalities.



Effects of Public and Private Policies on Working after Childbirth

This study investigates the impact of parental leave laws, policies that help families balance work and family life, and the supply, cost, and quality of substitutes for the mother's time on how soon

Maternal employment and child cognitive outcomes in the first three years of life: The NICHD study of early child care

With increased numbers of women employed in their children’s first year of life and with increased attention being paid by parents and policy makers to the importance of early experiences for

Paid Leave and the Timing of Women's Employment before and after Birth.

Key Words: childbirth, paid leave, women's employment, work interruptions. From a theoretical perspective, a paid leave policy for childbirth has two effects: It encourages some women to interrupt

Labor Supply Effects of State Maternity Leave Legislation

25% of all employed US mothers of newborns are on either paid or unpaid leave. The proportion of new mothers which is employed but not at work shrinks rapidly as the child ages so that virtually all

Parental Leave and Child Health

  • C. Ruhm
  • Medicine, Psychology
    Journal of health economics
  • 2000

Barefoot and in a German kitchen: Federal parental leave and benefit policy and the return to work after childbirth in Germany

During the leave mothers are less likely to return to work the longer is the time left in the leave protection period; however, this result cannot be attributed generally to high levels of maternity benefits.

Demographic consequences of maternal-leave programs in industrial countries: evidence from fixed-effects models.

The extension of maternal leave programs, measured in terms of duration of paid leave, is shown to reduce infant mortality, to raise rates of labor force participation for women in the prime childbearing ages, and to increase birth rates, and the findings suggest that maternalLeave programs can facilitate some increases in women's labor force Participation without incurring the reductions in fertility.

Parental Leave and Child Health Across OECD Countries

The effects of other social policies related to families and young children, such as public expenditures on family cash benefits, family allowances, and family services per child, on child health outcomes are explored.

The Work-Employment Distinction Among New Mothers

CPS data for 1979 to 1988 are used to examine the determinants of employment, actual work, and maternity leave for women in the year following childbirth. Women with better market skills (higher