Maternal use of cannabis and pregnancy outcome

  title={Maternal use of cannabis and pregnancy outcome},
  author={David Fergusson and L. John Horwood and Kate Northstone},
  journal={BJOG: An International Journal of Obstetrics \& Gynaecology},
Objective To document the prevalence of cannabis use in a large sample of British women studied during pregnancy, to determine the association between cannabis use and social and lifestyle factors and assess any independent effects on pregnancy outcome. 

Cannabis use during pregnancy in France in 2010

The aim was to estimate the proportion of women who reported cannabis use during pregnancy, to analyse the demographic and social characteristics of users, and the link between cannabis use and

The deleterious effects of cannabis during pregnancy on neonatal outcomes

To evaluate whether cannabis use during pregnancy is associated with adverse neonatal outcomes that are independent of cigarette smoking, a large number of studies have found that it is possible to use cannabis during pregnancy and have no adverse consequences for the baby.

Prevalence and outcomes of prenatal recreational cannabis use in high‐income countries: a scoping review

With expanding recreational cannabis legalisation, pregnant women and their offspring are at risk of potentially harmful consequences.

Pregnancy‐related changes in tobacco, alcohol and cannabis use reported by antenatal patients at two public hospitals in South Australia

Australia's substance use data do not demonstrate pregnancy‐related changes or distinguish between pregnant and lactating women, so data are unlikely to demonstrate changes in substance use during pregnancy or breastfeeding.

Marijuana use in young mothers and adverse pregnancy outcomes: a retrospective cohort study

To evaluate the association between marijuana use and a composite adverse pregnancy outcome using biological sampling, biological sampling is used to assess the impact of marijuana use on women's health during pregnancy.

Management of cannabis use during pregnancy: an assessment of healthcare professionals' practices

A study is made in order to evaluate practices of detection and care for pregnant women who use cannabis.

Fetal Abnormal Growth Associated With Substance Abuse

Overall, however, substance abuse during pregnancy was associated with negative effects on birth weight and head circumference, and the current review summarizes the best available literature.

Illicit substance use in pregnancy – a review

A review of the current literature regarding the effects of illicit substance use in pregnancy is undertaken and a suggested approach to identification and management of at-risk women is included.


: Cannabis is the most extensively produced, trafficked and used/ abused illicit drug in the world with an increasing demand across the globe. Legalization of cannabis consumption for recreational



Maternal Alcohol, Tobacco and Cannabis Consumption and the Outcome of Pregnancy

Infants born to smokers had lower birthweights and were more prone to intrauterine growth retardation, but they did not appear to have an increased risk of prematurity or perinatal death.

Marijuana use in pregnancy and pregnancy outcome.

A retrospective analysis utilizing historical data collected as part of the computerized data base was performed to assess the impact of marijuana use in pregnancy on pregnancy outcome, and marijuana use was strongly associated with the use of alcoholic beverages and smoking.

Effects of maternal drinking and marijuana use on fetal growth and development.

New findings in this study include a negative association between maternal marijuana use during pregnancy and fetal growth, and women who used marijuana during pregnancy were five times more likely to deliver infants with features considered compatible with the fetal alcohol syndrome.

The association of marijuana use with outcome of pregnancy.

Until more information is available, women should be advised not to use marijuana during pregnancy, and more data are needed to establish firmly or rule out an association between marijuana usage and major malformations.

Maternal cannabis use and birth weight: a meta-analysis.

There is inadequate evidence that cannabis, at the amount typically consumed by pregnant women, causes low birth weight.

Maternal cigarette smoking, psychoactive substance use, and infant Apgar scores.

Marijuana use during pregnancy and decreased length of gestation.

Effects of maternal marijuana and cocaine use on fetal growth

Prenatal tobacco and marijuana use among adolescents: effects on offspring gestational age, growth, and morphology.

These effects of prenatal tobacco and marijuana use were prominent despite lower levels of prenatal exposure in the offspring of adolescent mothers as compared with the offspring from the same clinic, suggesting young maternal age may increase the offspring's risk of negative effects from prenatal Tobacco and marijuana exposure.