Maternal supplementation with very-long-chain n-3 fatty acids during pregnancy and lactation augments children's IQ at 4 years of age.

@article{Helland2003MaternalSW,
  title={Maternal supplementation with very-long-chain n-3 fatty acids during pregnancy and lactation augments children's IQ at 4 years of age.},
  author={Ingrid B. Helland and Lars Smith and Kristin Saarem and Ola Didrik Saugstad and Christian A. Drevon},
  journal={Pediatrics},
  year={2003},
  volume={111 1},
  pages={e39-44}
}
OBJECTIVES Docosahexaenoic acid (DHA; 22:6 n-3) and arachidonic acid (AA; 20:4 n-6) are important for development of the central nervous system in mammals. There is a growth spurt in the human brain during the last trimester of pregnancy and the first postnatal months, with a large increase in the cerebral content of AA and DHA. The fetus and the newborn infant depend on maternal supply of DHA and AA. Our hypothesis was that maternal intake of DHA during pregnancy and lactation is marginal and… CONTINUE READING
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