Maternal smoking in pregnancy and birth defects: a systematic review based on 173 687 malformed cases and 11.7 million controls

@inproceedings{Hackshaw2011MaternalSI,
  title={Maternal smoking in pregnancy and birth defects: a systematic review based on 173 687 malformed cases and 11.7 million controls},
  author={Allan Hackshaw and Charles Rodeck and Sadie Boniface},
  booktitle={Human reproduction update},
  year={2011}
}
BACKGROUND ; There is uncertainty over whether maternal smoking is associated with birth defects. We conducted the first ever comprehensive systematic review to establish which specific malformations are associated with smoking. METHODS ; Observational studies published 1959-2010 were identified (Medline), and included if they reported the odds ratio (OR) for having a non-chromosomal birth defect among women who smoked during pregnancy compared with non-smokers. ORs adjusted for potential… CONTINUE READING
Recent Discussions
This paper has been referenced on Twitter 51 times over the past 90 days. VIEW TWEETS
141 Citations
208 References
Similar Papers

Citations

Publications citing this paper.
Showing 1-10 of 141 extracted citations

References

Publications referenced by this paper.
Showing 1-10 of 208 references

Similar Papers

Loading similar papers…