Maternal mortality: who, when, where, and why

@article{Ronsmans2006MaternalMW,
  title={Maternal mortality: who, when, where, and why},
  author={Carine Ronsmans and Wendy Jane Graham},
  journal={The Lancet},
  year={2006},
  volume={368},
  pages={1189-1200}
}

Maternal mortality.

Reflections on the maternal mortality millennium goal.

TLDR
The available data on the progress and the challenges to the United Nations' fifth Millennium Development Goal of achieving a 75 percent worldwide reduction in the maternal mortality by 2015 from what it was in 1990 are examined.

Why do maternal and newborn deaths continue to occur?

Saving Mothers’ Lives: Reviewing maternal deaths to make motherhood safer: 2006–2008

TLDR
For the first time there has been a reduction in the inequalities gap, with a significant decrease in maternal mortality rates among those living in the most deprived areas and those in the lowest socio-economic group.

Reducing financial barriers to obstetric care in low-income countries: the need for action

TLDR
Maternal causes are responsible for 18% of deaths in women in less developed countries, and 75% of these are estimated to be preventable with a basic package of maternity care delivered by the primary health care system (health centres and hospital).

Maternal mortality in South Africa: an update from the 2007 Community Survey

TLDR
Maternal mortality defined as ‘pregnancy-related death’ appears no longer as a proper indicator of ‘safe motherhood’ in this situation and differential levels in MMR were similar to those found in 2001.

Progress and Challenges in Making Pregnancy Safer: A Global Perspective

TLDR
The world is far from eliminating avoidable suffering and premature mortality among women of reproductive age and the challenge ahead is to refocus program content and to shift from development of new technologies to the establishment of viable organizational strategies that build health system infrastructure and ensure effective and efficient continuum of care.

The association between maternal mortality and non-medical factors in African countries

TLDR
The results from the logistic regression suggest that there is no statistically significant relationship between any of the variables and maternal mortality, but the odds ratio for Human Development Index (HDI) and Gross National Income per capita (GNI) imply that African countries with low HDI are about three time more likely to have high maternal mortality compared to high HDI countries.

Maternal Mortality - A Public Health Problem

TLDR
Estimates of maternal mortality ratio trend between 1990 and 2010 suggest a global reduction, with a greater reduction in developing countries including Bangladesh than in developed countries, but to meet the challenge of Fifth Millennium Development Goal (MDG5), the annual rate of MMR decline and increase of skilled attendant at birth need to be still faster.
...

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