Maternal education, lone parenthood, material hardship, maternal smoking, and longstanding respiratory problems in childhood: testing a hierarchical conceptual framework.

@article{Spencer2005MaternalEL,
  title={Maternal education, lone parenthood, material hardship, maternal smoking, and longstanding respiratory problems in childhood: testing a hierarchical conceptual framework.},
  author={Nicholas J. Spencer},
  journal={Journal of epidemiology and community health},
  year={2005},
  volume={59 10},
  pages={842-6}
}
BACKGROUND Maternal smoking and low socioeconomic status are known to be associated with each other and with longstanding respiratory problems in childhood but their interrelation has received little attention. In this paper, the interrelations is studied using a conceptual hierarchical framework among children aged 0-11 years in a representative sample of British households with children. METHOD With data from the family and children study, this paper tested a conceptual hierarchical… CONTINUE READING