Maternal Smoking During Pregnancy, Other Prenatal and Perinatal Factors, and the Risk of Legg-Calvé-Perthes Disease

@article{Bahmanyar2008MaternalSD,
  title={Maternal Smoking During Pregnancy, Other Prenatal and Perinatal Factors, and the Risk of Legg-Calvé-Perthes Disease},
  author={Shahram Bahmanyar and Scott Montgomery and R{\"u}diger J. Weiss and Anders Ekbom},
  journal={Pediatrics},
  year={2008},
  volume={122},
  pages={e459 - e464}
}
OBJECTIVE. The causes of Legg-Calvé-Perthes disease are largely unknown, but this pediatric disease seems to result from interruption of the blood supply to the proximal femur and is considered a vascular disease. Because maternal smoking during pregnancy influences fetal development and is associated with cardiovascular diseases in offspring, we hypothesized that this exposure is a risk for Legg-Calvé-Perthes disease and also investigated other markers of impaired fetal development and early… 

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