Park’s Textbook of Preventive and Social Medicine
- K. Park
- 23rd ed. Jabalpur: Banarsidas Bhanot Publishers;
Mother and child constitute a large, vulnerable, and a priority group as the risk is involved with childbearing in women and of growth and development in children. For every woman who dies from pregnancy or childbirth-related causes, it is estimated that twenty more suffer from pregnancy-related illness or experience other severe complications. These women who nearly escape death are categorized under "near miss" which has been defined as "a woman who nearly died but survived a complication that occurred during pregnancy, childbirth or within 42 days of termination of pregnancy." Maternal near-miss audits give us an opportunity to study the cases which were almost similar to those where maternal deaths happened; thus, their review may give concrete evidence of reasons/deficiencies in health care leading to severe complications and even grave consequences as maternal deaths. Near-miss audits will allow the care of critically ill women to be analyzed, deficiencies in the provision of care to be identified, and comparison within and between institutions and, ultimately, improve the quality of obstetric care and further reduce maternal morbidity and mortality.