Materials for the Study of the Ssŭ i Kuan

@article{Wild1945MaterialsFT,
  title={Materials for the Study of the Ssŭ i Kuan},
  author={N. E. Wild},
  journal={Bulletin of the School of Oriental and African Studies},
  year={1945},
  volume={11},
  pages={617 - 640}
}
  • N. Wild
  • Published 1 October 1945
  • History
  • Bulletin of the School of Oriental and African Studies
From early times China was surrounded by states of lower culture, and on the whole, of lesser military power, which the Chinese regarded as protectorates or tributaries. As early as the Chou dynasty, interpreters were appointed to deal with envoys bringing tribute or declarations of loyalty. The Chou interpreters were called chi , hsiang , ti t'i , or i , and took charge of peoples from the east, south, west, and north respectively. The Ch'in dynasty bureaux of tributary affairs were the tien k… 
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References

J|lj, edited by HANEDA TOBU
  • #c, October,
  • 1928