Materials Science: A moving oxygen story

  title={Materials Science: A moving oxygen story},
  author={Harvey M Flower},
  • H. Flower
  • Published 1 September 2000
  • Materials Science
  • Nature
Titanium is one of the most versatile materials used in engineering. An innovative way of producing it from titanium dioxide will make the metal cheaper — if the process can be scaled up. 

Production of NiTi via the FFC Cambridge process

The FFC Cambridge process is a direct electrodeoxidation process used to reduce metal oxides to their constituent metals in a molten CaCl2 salt bath. NiTiO3 was used as a precursor (the first stable

Electrolytic reduction of mixed solid oxides in molten salts for energy efficient production of the TiNi alloy

Direct electrochemical reduction of mixed TiO2 and NiO powders to TiNi alloy has been successfully demonstrated in molten CaCl2 at 900°C by constant voltage electrolysis. The electrolysis energy

Interactions of molten salts with cathode products in the FFC Cambridge Process

  • G. Chen
  • Materials Science, Chemistry
    International Journal of Minerals, Metallurgy and Materials
  • 2020
Molten salts play multiple important roles in the electrolysis of solid metal compounds, particularly oxides and sulfides, for the extraction of metals or alloys. Some of these roles are positive in

Probing the nanofriction of non-halogenated phosphonium-based ionic liquid additives in glycol ether oil on titanium surface

The nanofrictional behavior of non-halogentated phosphonium-based ionic liquids (ILs) mixed with diethylene glycol dibutyl ether in the molar ratios of 1:10 and 1:70 was investigated on the titanium

Wetting behavior of ionic liquid on mesoporous titanium dioxide surface by atomic force microscopy.

This work provides an important guidance for the improvement of the efficiency of CO2 capture, gas separation, and the lubrication of micro/nanoelectromechanical systems (M/NEMs).


Direct electrochemical reduction of titanium dioxide to titanium in molten calcium chloride

An electrochemical method for the direct reduction of solid TiO2 is reported, in which the oxygen is ionized, dissolved in a molten salt and discharged at the anode, leaving pure titanium at the cathode.