Materials–a brief history

@article{Ashby2008MaterialsaBH,
  title={Materials–a brief history},
  author={M. F. Ashby},
  journal={Philosophical Magazine Letters},
  year={2008},
  volume={88},
  pages={749 - 755}
}
  • M. Ashby
  • Published 1 September 2008
  • History
  • Philosophical Magazine Letters
Professor Manuel Amaral Fortes has contributed to many aspects of the science of materials. Among them, his greatest love was for a material with a history longer than that of almost any other: cork. Despite its antiquity–Horace (27 BC, 1), Pliny (AD 77, 2) and Plutarch (AD100, 3) document its use over 2000 years ago–it was, until the studies by Fortes and his co-workers 4–6, a neglected material, little studied. His work, elegantly compiled in the text Cortiça 7 has redressed the balance… 
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References

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Rate effects on the compression and recovery of dimensions of cork
A study of the effect of strain rate on the compression behaviour of cork was carried out, which takes into account the anisotropy of the material. Compression curves at three different rates were
Stress relaxation and creep of cork
The stress relaxation and creep behaviour of cork under compression were characterized in tests done with the compression axis parallel to each of the three principal directions in the tree (radial,
Deformation and fracture of cork in tension
Various properties related to the deformation and fracture of cork in tension were experimentally determined, including the Young's modulus, the stress and strain at fracture and the fracture
A History of Metallurgy
Covers the development of both ferrous and non-ferrous metallurgy from the rise of metallurgy in the Near East, through the Industrial Revolution in Western Europe, up to 1950 with reference to the
eds.), A History of Technology (21 volumes)
  • 1954
27 BC) ''Odes'', Book III, ode 8, line 10
  • the Oxford Classical Texts series
  • 1912
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