Matchlocks, Flintlocks, and Saltpetre: The Chronological Implications for the Use of Matchlock Muskets among Ottoman-Period Bedouin in the Southern Levant

  title={Matchlocks, Flintlocks, and Saltpetre: The Chronological Implications for the Use of Matchlock Muskets among Ottoman-Period Bedouin in the Southern Levant},
  author={Benjamin Adam Saidel},
  journal={International Journal of Historical Archaeology},
  • B. A. Saidel
  • Published 1 September 2000
  • History
  • International Journal of Historical Archaeology
This paper examines the chronological implications for the prolonged use of matchlock muskets by the Bedouin during the Ottoman Period (1453–1918). Although the technology behind the matchlock ignition system is from the fifteenth century, this weapon was used by many Bedouin until the beginning of the twentieth century. As a result, the presence of gun parts from matchlock muskets poses a potential problem for identifying Bedouin occupations from the eighteenth and nineteenth centuries in the… 
4 Citations
Images of the Holy Land: The David Roberts Paintings as Artifacts of 1830s Palestine
Historical archaeology is delineating the impact of Western European influence and imperialism on the Middle East, particularly the period the Ottoman Empire ruled over the eastern Mediterranean
Residential Mobility and Ceramic Exchange: Ethnography and Archaeological Implications
After the appearance of agriculture and subsequent increasing population densities and agricultural intensification, some mobile hunters, foragers, and part-time horticulturalists often obtained
Legalizing Extortion: Protection Payments, Property Rights, Taxation, and Economic Growth in Ottoman Gaza
This paper examines how economic growth, taxation, and protection payments were affected by the interplay between producers, armed predators, and a state in sixteenth-century Gaza. In this Olsonian
Nomads in the Near East
  • S. Rosen
  • Encyclopedia of Global Archaeology
  • 2020


Tur Imdai Rockshelter: Archaeology of Recent Pastoralists in Jordan
AbstractExcavation of a rockshelter in southern Jordan yielded a record of habitation by pastoralists beginning about A.C. 1650 and continuing to the present. Ethnography and oral history associate
Tur Imdai Rockshelter, Jordan: Debitage Analysis and Historic Bedouin Lithic Technology
Abstract Research of the ethnohistoric Bedouin rockshelter of Tur Imdai, Jordan, indicates that chipped stone industries in combination with ceramic and metal technologies played an important role in
Gunflints from Chicoutimi Indian site (Québec)
The aim of this study is to introduce new criteria for the identification and dating of 17th century gun-flints. The discovery of a new variety of spall gunflint is explained and the archaeological
Archaeological and Faunal Evidence from Natufian and Timnian Sites in Southern Jordan, with Notes on Pollen Evidence
Archaeological excavations in the vicinity of Ras en-Naqb, southern Jordan, produced artifacts and faunal remains of two distinct cultural stages. The early Natufian site of Wâdī Judayid is
Archaeological Remains from the Medieval Islamic Occupation of the Northwest Negev Desert
  • J. Schaefer
  • History
    Bulletin of the American Schools of Oriental Research
  • 1989
Test excavations and a regional surface survey in the vicinity of Tell Jemmeh, in the northwestern Negev Desert, revealed a previously undocumented Mamluk occupation. Investigations focused on one
Memoirs of the topography, orography, hydrography, and archaeology
Archive Editions in association with the Palestine Exploration Fund present the re-publication of one of the great standard works of reference for Middle East studies the Survey of Western Palestine
Ethnicity and firearms in the Upper Missouri bison-robe trade: An examination of weapon preference and utilization at Fort Union Trading post N.H.S., North Dakota
Modern fur trade lore suggests that 19th-century native Americans and Euroamericans preferred some types of firearms over others; e.g., smoothbore muskets were the weapons of choice, rifles were of
Themes in the Economy of the Bedouin of South Sinai in the Nineteenth and Twentieth Centuries
Writers analyzing recent economic change among the Bedouin of South Sinai have not yet investigated institutions and events beyond the limits of their informants' memories. Marx, Perevolotsky, and
Two Cultures in Southern Sinai in the Third Millennium B. C.
  • I. Beit-Arieh
  • History
    Bulletin of the American Schools of Oriental Research
  • 1986
The first of the two cultures is represented and described by an EB II site discovered and excavated near Sheikh Muḥsen in central-southern Sinai. The site has the characteristics of the material
A Roman-period Pastoral Tent Camp in the Negev, Israel
AbstractGiv'ot Reved is a pastoral camp of the Roman period located on the SE periphery of the Roman Empire. Excavation and analysis demonstrate both the legitimacy of an archaeology of nomadism and