Matching 4.7-Å XRD spacing in amelogenin nanoribbons and enamel matrix.


The recent discovery of conditions that induce nanoribbon structures of amelogenin protein in vitro raises questions about their role in enamel formation. Nanoribbons of recombinant human full-length amelogenin (rH174) are about 17 nm wide and self-align into parallel bundles; thus, they could act as templates for crystallization of nanofibrous apatite comprising dental enamel. Here we analyzed the secondary structures of nanoribbon amelogenin by x-ray diffraction (XRD) and Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR) and tested if the structural motif matches previous data on the organic matrix of enamel. XRD analysis showed that a peak corresponding to 4.7 Å is present in nanoribbons of amelogenin. In addition, FTIR analysis showed that amelogenin in the form of nanoribbons was comprised of β-sheets by up to 75%, while amelogenin nanospheres had predominantly random-coil structure. The observation of a 4.7-Å XRD spacing confirms the presence of β-sheets and illustrates structural parallels between the in vitro assemblies and structural motifs in developing enamel.

DOI: 10.1177/0022034514544216

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@article{Sanii2014Matching4X, title={Matching 4.7-{\AA} XRD spacing in amelogenin nanoribbons and enamel matrix.}, author={Babak Sanii and Olga M Martinez-Avila and Cheryl Simpliciano and Ronald N. Zuckermann and Stefan Habelitz}, journal={Journal of dental research}, year={2014}, volume={93 9}, pages={918-22} }