Massive Stars and their Supernovae

  title={Massive Stars and their Supernovae},
  author={Friedrich-Karl Thielemann and Raphael Hirschi and Matthias Liebendorfer and Roland Diehl},
  journal={Lecture Notes in Physics},
Our understanding of stellar evolution and the final explosive endpoints such as supernovae or hypernovae or gamma-ray bursts relies on the combination of (a) (magneto-)hydrodynamics, (b) energy generation due to nuclear reactions accomanying composition changes, (c) radiation transport, (d) thermodynamic properties (such as the equation of state of stellar matter). 

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