Massive MIMO Systems With Non-Ideal Hardware: Energy Efficiency, Estimation, and Capacity Limits

@article{Bjrnson2014MassiveMS,
  title={Massive MIMO Systems With Non-Ideal Hardware: Energy Efficiency, Estimation, and Capacity Limits},
  author={Emil Bj{\"o}rnson and Jakob Hoydis and Marios Kountouris and M{\'e}rouane Debbah},
  journal={IEEE Transactions on Information Theory},
  year={2014},
  volume={60},
  pages={7112-7139}
}
The use of large-scale antenna arrays can bring substantial improvements in energy and/or spectral efficiency to wireless systems due to the greatly improved spatial resolution and array gain. Recent works in the field of massive multiple-input multiple-output (MIMO) show that the user channels decorrelate when the number of antennas at the base stations (BSs) increases, thus strong signal gains are achievable with little interuser interference. Since these results rely on asymptotics, it is… CONTINUE READING

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