Mass extinction among non-marine tetrapods

@article{Benton1985MassEA,
  title={Mass extinction among non-marine tetrapods},
  author={Michael J. Benton},
  journal={Nature},
  year={1985},
  volume={316},
  pages={811-814}
}
  • M. Benton
  • Published 1 August 1985
  • Environmental Science, Geography
  • Nature
The fossil record of non-marine tetrapods (amphibians, reptiles, birds and mammals) has been described by numerous authors1–3, and major ecological replacements, mass extinctions and adaptive radiations have been identified. However, most of these features of the large-scale evolution of tetrapods have been noted without numerical data of the kind assembled for marine invertebrates4–10, marine vertebrates7–10 and vascular land plants11. Much has been learnt from the record of marine… 
Mass extinctions among tetrapods and the quality of the fossil record.
  • M. Benton
  • Geography, Environmental Science
    Philosophical transactions of the Royal Society of London. Series B, Biological sciences
  • 1989
TLDR
The fossil record of tetrapods is very patchy but has the advantages that it is easier to establish a phylogenetic taxonomy than for many invertebrate groups, and there is the potential for more detailed ecological analyses.
The Fossil Record of Early Tetrapods: Worker Effort and the End-Permian Mass Extinction
It is important to understand the quality of the fossil record of early tetrapods (Tetrapoda, minus Lissamphibia and Amniota) because of their key role in the transition of vertebrates from water to
A 27.5-My underlying periodicity detected in extinction episodes of non-marine tetrapods
TLDR
It is suggested that global cataclysmal events with an underlying periodicity of ~27.5 My were the cause of the coordinated periodic extinction episodes of non-marine tetrapods and marine organisms.
Near-Stasis in the Long-Term Diversification of Mesozoic Tetrapods
TLDR
This work quantifies patterns of vertebrate standing diversity on land during the Mesozoic–early Paleogene interval, applying sample-standardization to a global fossil dataset containing 27,260 occurrences of 4,898 non-marine tetrapod species and suggests that the gradualistic evolutionary diversification of tetrapods was punctuated by brief but dramatic episodes of radiation.
The origins of modern biodiversity on land
  • M. Benton
  • Environmental Science
    Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences
  • 2010
TLDR
A case is made here that this approach may be less successful at representing the shape of the evolution of life than the phylogenetic expansion approach, and new methods in phylogenetic analysis, morphometrics and the study of exceptional biotas allow new approaches.
Diversification and extinction in the history of life.
  • M. Benton
  • Geography, Environmental Science
    Science
  • 1995
TLDR
Analysis of the fossil record of microbes, algae, fungi, protists, plants, and animals shows that the diversity of both marine and continental life increased exponentially since the end of the Precambrian, but no support was found for the periodicity of mass extinctions.
Permian tetrapod extinction events
  • S. Lucas
  • Geography, Environmental Science
  • 2017
The quality of the fossil record of Mesozoic birds
TLDR
A dataset comprising all known fossil taxa is presented, suggesting that the broad outlines of early avian evolution are consistently represented: no stage in the Mesozoic is characterized by an overabundance of scrappy fossils compared with more complete specimens.
The Missing Mass Extinction at the Triassic-Jurassic Boundary
The Late Triassic was a prolonged episode characterized by high rates of biotic turnover and discrete extinction events due to elevated extinction rates for some biotic groups and low origination
Biodiversity in Geological Time
TLDR
Over the past 400 million years, the trajectories of taxonomic diversity among marine invertebrates, vascular plants, and terrestrial vertebrates were roughly congruent; there were relatively few taxa in each group in the late Paleozoic followed by a striking increase from the late Mesozoic to the levels observed today.
...
1
2
3
4
5
...

References

SHOWING 1-10 OF 20 REFERENCES
Mass Extinctions in the Marine Fossil Record
A new compilation of fossil data on invertebrate and vertebrate families indicates that four mass extinctions in the marine realm are statistically distinct from background extinction levels. These
A factor analytic description of the phanerozoic marine fossil record
Data on numbers of marine families within 91 metazoan classes known from the Phanerozoic fossil record are analyzed. The distribution of the 2800 fossil families among the classes is very uneven,
Dinosaur Success in the Triassic: A Noncompetitive Ecological Model
  • M. Benton
  • Environmental Science, Geography
    The Quarterly Review of Biology
  • 1983
TLDR
There is no evidence that either thecodontians or dinosaur demonstrated their superiority over mammal-like reptiles in massive competitive take-overs in the latest Triassic, and explanations of dinosaur success based on the competitive superiority of their thermoregulation or locomotory capability are unnecessary.
A kinetic model of Phanerozoic taxonomic diversity; III, Post-Paleozoic families and mass extinctions
TLDR
The good fit of this model to data on Phanerozoic familial diversity suggests that many of the large-scale patterns of diversification seen in the marine fossil record of animal families are simple consequences of nonlinear interrelationships among a small number of parameters that are intrinsic to the evolutionary faunas and are largely (but not completely) invariant through time.
Periodicity of extinctions in the geologic past.
  • D. Raup, J. Sepkoski
  • Geography, Environmental Science
    Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
  • 1984
TLDR
The temporal distribution of the major extinctions over the past 250 million years has been investigated statistically using various forms of time series analysis and contains 12 extinction events that show a statistically significant periodicity.
Species richness in the Phanerozoic: Compensating for sampling bias
Sampling biases are the greatest impediment to resolving the history of species richness of fossilizable marine invertebrates in the Phanerozoic. Actual patterns of species richness have remained
A resetting of Phanerozoic community evolution
TLDR
It is shown here that the effect on probability of extinction is one of exponential decrease, and that in the case of marine families this regular decline was interrupted by the great Permian extinction, and a new exponential decrease followed, at a somewhat faster rate.
Patterns in vascular land plant diversification
TLDR
Parallels between the diversification patterns observed for tracheophytes and those previously noted for marine invertebrates suggest there are generalized patterns in the evolution of higher taxa.
Phanerozoic marine diversity and the fossil record
Strong correlations between various local and global estimates of Phanerozoic marine diversity for taxa below the ordinal level indicate a single pattern of change underlying all data on fossil
...
1
2
...