Mass-Producing the Individual: Mary C. Jarrett, Elmer E. Southard, and the Industrial Origins of Psychiatric Social Work

@article{Gabriel2005MassProducingTI,
  title={Mass-Producing the Individual: Mary C. Jarrett, Elmer E. Southard, and the Industrial Origins of Psychiatric Social Work},
  author={Joseph M. Gabriel},
  journal={Bulletin of the History of Medicine},
  year={2005},
  volume={79},
  pages={430 - 458}
}
  • Joseph M. Gabriel
  • Published 19 September 2005
  • Psychology
  • Bulletin of the History of Medicine
SUMMARY: This article examines the origins of psychiatric social work in the United States between 1912 and 1930. It argues that the establishment of the field needs to be understood in terms of Mary C. Jarrett and Elmer E. Southard's efforts to apply psychiatric techniques to the mental health problems of industrial employees. It further argues that Jarrett and Southard worked to develop a treatment approach to the mental health problems of industrial workers that they termed… 
Psychosurgery, Industry and Personal Responsibility, 1940–1965
TLDR
The role that employment and the capacity to work played in framing the results of lobotomy in a positive light is focused on, arguing that employment status was a key factor in evaluating patients' post-operative condition, and in determining the success of the operation.
Medical Narrative and the Rhetoric of Identification: The Many Faces of Anna White Dildane
TLDR
Effective medical rhetoric thus adopts a method of persuasion that begins with the narrative and self-understanding of the patient, links aspects of that narrative with the technical expertise of physicians and other health care providers, and crafts a new, more specialized narrative attentive to the desires and constraints of a patient’s form of identification that is ultimately the seat of judgment.
Editorial
  • J. Everett
  • Psychology
    Smith College Studies in Social Work
  • 2018
One hundred years ago, Mary Jarrett, associate director, welcomed the first class of students to enter what was at that time to be a training course for psychiatric social workers at Smith College.
Child Guidance in Interwar Scotland: International Influences and Domestic Concerns
Child guidance was central to twentieth-century international programs of "mental hygiene," with the shift from an emphasis on children's physical health to concern with their mental health. In
Psychiatry in American Medical Education: The Case of Harvard's Medical School, 1900–1945
  • Tara H. Abraham
  • Psychology
    Canadian bulletin of medical history = Bulletin canadien d'histoire de la medecine
  • 2018
TLDR
Examining medical school registers at Harvard University, records from the Dean's office of Harvard's medical school, and oral histories, this paper examines the rise in prominence of psychiatry in medical education.
Critical Social Work – Considerations and Suggestions
Social work is often described as socially oriented, politically sensitive and as taking a critical approach to ‘social problems’. However, recently we have seen how this self-image has lost ground.
From ‘social aid’ to ‘social psychiatry’: mental health and social welfare in post-war Greece (1950s–1960s)
The end of World War II and the Civil War (1946–1949) found a great section of the population of Greece struggling with serious economic and social problems, while the next two decades witnessed
Restricting the Sale of “Deadly Poisons”: Pharmacists, Drug Regulation, and Narratives of Suffering in the Gilded Age1
TLDR
The origins of state-level regulations controlling the practice of pharmacy and the manufacture and consumption of dangerous drugs in the Gilded Age are examined.
Industrial Homes, Domestic Factories: the Convergence of Public and Private Space in Interwar Britain.
  • Vicky Long
  • History
    The Journal of British studies
  • 2011
TLDR
These images of upholstered chairs, artwork, flowers, tablecloths, beds and curtains represent the factory environment not as a site of industrial production but as an idealized middle-class home.

References

SHOWING 1-10 OF 49 REFERENCES
The Psychiatric Persuasion: Knowledge, Gender, and Power in Modern America.
In the years between 1900 and 1930, American psychiatrists transformed their profession from a marginal science focused primarily on the care of the mentally ill into a powerful discipline concerned
THE PROBLEM OF THE SUPPLY OF PSYCHIATRIC SOCIAL WORKERS FOR STATE HOSPITALS
TLDR
There is a subtle change of emphasis indicated here which reflects the development of the whole field of psychiatric social work within the last few years and indicates some of the factors that are making it difficult at the present time for the state hospitals to secure well qualified workers for positions in their institutions.
Social Work in World War I: A Method Lost
In this article I chronicle the effect that psychiatry had on setting the practice methods for social work during World War I. Due to the war, social work followed a medical model that hindered its
Mary Richmond and Jane Addams: From Moral Certainty to Rational Inquiry in Social Work Practice
Mary Richmond and Jane Addams are two of the most influential figures in the history of the social work profession. This paper explores the influence that these women had on the paradigm shift in the
Objective psychology or psychobiology with subordination of the medically useless contrast of mental and physical.
A few years ago the American Psychological Association discussed the question of a course in psychology for medical students. Since then the problem has been taken up in the Johns Hopkins Medical
The Definition of a Profession: The Authority of Metaphor in the History of Intelligence Testing, 1890-1930
In the early twentieth century, a small group of psychologists built a profession upon the new social technology of intelligence testing. They imagined the human mind as quantifiable, defining their
Is Social Work a Profession?
Before beginning to consider whether social work is or is not a profession, I must confess a very genuine doubt as to my competency to undertake the discussion. My acquaintance with social work, with
From Charity to Enterprise: The Development of American Social Work in a Market Economy.
"How did social work evolve as a profession in the United States? Stanley Wenocur and Michael Reisch examine the history of social work and provide a theoretical model of professionalization for
Hazards of the Job: From Industrial Disease to Environmental Health Science@@@Radium Girls: Women and Industrial Health Reform, 1910-1935
In the early twentieth century, a group of women workers hired to apply luminous paint to watch faces and instrument dials found themselves among the first victims of radium poisoning. Claudia
History Of The Psychopathic Hospital, Boston, Massachusetts
TLDR
Reading history of the psychopathic hospital boston massachusetts is a good habit; you can develop this habit to be such interesting way.
...
...