Mass Mortality and Population Declines of Anurans at an Upland Site in Western Panama

  title={Mass Mortality and Population Declines of Anurans at an Upland Site in Western Panama},
  author={Karen R. Lips},
  journal={Conservation Biology},
  • K. Lips
  • Published 1 February 1999
  • Environmental Science
  • Conservation Biology
I report an episode of anuran mortality and decline in the Reserva Forestal Fortuna, Chiriquí, Panama. The symptoms of decline at this site include population reductions, the presence of dead or dying adults, and tadpole abnormalities. Streamside anurans were abundant and diverse in 1993–1995, were restricted to a few streams in December 1996–January 1997, and then became rare throughout the reserve in July–August 1997. Between December 1996 and January 1997, I found 54 dead or dying frogs… 


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  • Environmental Science
    Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
  • 1998
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