Mass Balance Assessment for Six Neonicotinoid Insecticides During Conventional Wastewater and Wetland Treatment: Nationwide Reconnaissance in United States Wastewater

@inproceedings{Sadaria2016MassBA,
  title={Mass
Balance Assessment for Six Neonicotinoid Insecticides
During Conventional Wastewater and Wetland Treatment: Nationwide Reconnaissance
in United States Wastewater},
  author={Akash M. Sadaria and Samuel D. Supowit and Rolf U. Halden},
  booktitle={Environmental science & technology},
  year={2016}
}
Occurrence and removal of six high-production high-volume neonicotinoids was investigated in 13 conventional wastewater treatment plants (WWTPs) and one engineered wetland. Flow-weighted daily composites were analyzed by isotope dilution liquid chromatography tandem mass spectrometry, revealing the occurrence of imidacloprid, acetamiprid, and clothianidin at ng/L concentrations in WWTP influent (60.5 ± 40.0; 2.9 ± 1.9; 149.7 ± 289.5, respectively) and effluent (58.5 ± 29.1; 2.3 ± 1.4; 70.2… CONTINUE READING
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