Marx's Theory of Metabolic Rift: Classical Foundations for Environmental Sociology1

  title={Marx's Theory of Metabolic Rift: Classical Foundations for Environmental Sociology1},
  author={John Bellamy Foster},
  journal={American Journal of Sociology},
  pages={366 - 405}
  • J. Foster
  • Published 1 September 1999
  • Sociology
  • American Journal of Sociology
This article addresses a paradox: on the one hand, environmental sociology, as currently developed, is closely associated with the thesis that the classical sociological tradition is devoid of systematic insights into environmental problems; on the other hand, evidence of crucial classical contributions in this area, particularly in Marx, but also in Weber, Durkheim, and others, is too abundant to be convincingly denied. The nature of this paradox, its origins, and the means of transcending it… 
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