Marriage still protects pregnancy

  title={Marriage still protects pregnancy},
  author={Kaisa E. Raatikainen and Nonna Heiskanen and Seppo Heinonen},
  journal={BJOG: An International Journal of Obstetrics \& Gynaecology},
Objective  To assess the risk factors and outcome of pregnancy outside marriage in the 1990s, in conditions of a high percentage of extramarital pregnancies and high standard maternity care, used by the entire pregnant population. 
The strong impact of maternal marital status on birth body size before and during the Second World War in Poznań district, Poland
  • G. Liczbińska, M. Králík
  • Psychology
    American journal of human biology : the official journal of the Human Biology Council
  • 2021
Whether maternal socio-economic status, represented by marital status and the place of residence, affected birth body size (BBS) of babies in the pre-war period and during the WWII is examined.
The effect of marital status on pregnancy outcome in Israel: A retrospective case‐control study
This study aims to test the hypothesis that unmarried and married pregnant women have a similar perinatal outcome.
Marital Status and Health of the Mother as Risk Factors for Premature Birth in Pleven, Bulgaria
The aim of study was to explore the impact of marital status and the health of the mother directly effect the incidence of birth in Pleven, Bulgaria.
Single motherhood and low birthweight in Spain Narrowing social inequalities in health
30 paginas, 3 figuras, 4 tablas.-- This work is published under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution NonCommercial License 2.0 Germany.
Black/White disparities in low birth weight pregnancy outcomes: an exploration of differences in health factors within a vulnerable population
The purpose of this paper is to (1) determine if there are racial differences between Non-Hispanic (NH) Black and NH White women in health ‘care’ factors associated with low birth weight (LBW), (2)...
Pregnancy outcome is associated with maternai marital status in Austria - even at the beginning
The rate of preterm delivery and rate of low birth weight among term births were significantly higher among unmarried mothers in comparison to married mothers and the newborns of unmarried mothers were significantly lighter and shorter than those of married mothers.
The Associations between Bridal Pregnancy and Obstetric Outcomes among Live Births in Korea: Population-Based Study
Pregnancy outcomes among live births from bridal pregnancies are associated with higher risks for PTB and LBW in Korea and these outcomes were associated with a social disadvantage and particular risk factors.
Pregnancy outcome is associated with maternal marital status in Austria--even at the beginning of the 21st century.
The rate of preterm delivery and rate of low birth weight among term births were significantly higher among unmarried mothers in comparison to married mothers and the newborns of unmarried mothers were significantly lighter and shorter than those of married mothers.
Low birth weight and parental resources in Italy
Results of multinomial models show an effect of maternal socio-economic characteristics only for growth retarded births: women who are unmarried and who have low educational level have the highest risks to have restricted foetal growth, even controlling for phy siological aspects.
Explaining differences in birthweight between ethnic populations. The Generation R Study
Whether differences in birthweight of various ethnic groups residing in the Netherlands can be explained by determinants of birthweight is examined.


Are sociodemographic factors predictive of preterm birth? A reappraisal of the 1958 British Perinatal Mortality Survey
Objective Reassessment of the predictive value of sociodemographic factors on preterm birth and their impact on birth weights shows no clear trend in either direction.
Disparities in Pregnancy Outcomes According to Marital and Cohabitation Status
Pregnancy outcomes are worse among mothers in common-law unions versus traditional marriage relationships but better than among mothers living alone, according to a study of all 720,586 births registered in Quebec for the years 1990 to 1997.
Marital Status as a Risk Factor for Fetal and Infant Mortality
The results indicate the importance of marital status as a demographic risk factor even in a welfare society and there is a need to identify specific risk behaviours associated with the life styles of unmarried mothers.
Aetiology and classification of small for gestational age infants
Objective: To determine important aetiological factors in small gestational age (SGA) infants and the effectiveness of anthropometric indexes in identifying patterns of growth retardation.
Marital status: association with social and economic circumstances, psychological state and outcomes of pregnancy.
In general, unmarried women were more likely to have some indication of depression and to experience more serious life events during the pregnancy, and the categories 'married', 'cohabiting' and 'on their own' showed significant trends from best to worst.
Do Microbiological Factors Account for Poor Pregnancy Outcome among Unmarried Pregnant Women in Poland?
The observed socioeconomic, demographic and microbiological differences between unmarried and married women could be responsible for the poor pregnancy outcome among unmarried pregnant women in Poland.
Marital status, cohabitation, and risk of preterm birth in Europe: where births outside marriage are common and uncommon.
There is a significantly elevated risk of preterm birth associated with both cohabitation and single motherhood for women living in countries where fewer than 20 of births occur outside marriage, and there is no excess risk associated with marital status when out-of-marriage births are more common.
Sociobiological variables and pregnancy outcome
  • R. Tambyrajia, M. Mongelli
  • Medicine
    International journal of gynaecology and obstetrics: the official organ of the International Federation of Gynaecology and Obstetrics
  • 2000
Inequalities in pregnancy outcome: a review of psychosocial and behavioural mediators.
Occupational and Socio-Medical Factors in Preterm Birth
In the analysis, employment outside the home, in general, turned out not to be a significant risk factor for preterm birth, while unmarried status and current smoking were associated with social factors.