Maroons Within the Present Limits of the United States

@article{Aptheker1939MaroonsWT,
  title={Maroons Within the Present Limits of the United States},
  author={Herbert Aptheker},
  journal={The Journal of Negro History},
  year={1939},
  volume={24},
  pages={167 - 184}
}
An ever-present feature of ante-belluni southern life was the existence of camps of runaway Negro slaves, often called maroons, when they all but established themselves independently on the frontier. These were seriously annoying, for they were sources of insubordination. They offered havens for fugitives, served as bases for marauding expeditions against nearby plantations and, at times, supplied the nucleus of leadership for planned uprisings. Some contemporary writers and a few later… 
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References

Daily Richmond Examiner
  • Official Records of the Bebellion, Ser. I