Markets, Technology, and the Structure of Enterprise in the Development of the Eleventh-Century Chinese Iron and Steel Industry

@article{Hartwell1966MarketsTA,
  title={Markets, Technology, and the Structure of Enterprise in the Development of the Eleventh-Century Chinese Iron and Steel Industry},
  author={Robert M. Hartwell},
  journal={The Journal of Economic History},
  year={1966},
  volume={26},
  pages={29 - 58}
}
  • R. Hartwell
  • Published 1 March 1966
  • Economics, History
  • The Journal of Economic History
From about 750 to 1100, China experienced a series of economic changes roughly comparable to the subsequent patterns of European growth from the Crusades to the eve of the French Revolution. The spread in the use of money, development of new credit and fiscal institutions, increase in interregional and international trade, and colonization of hitherto marginal land which took place in the Occident during the half millennium preceding the Reformation was paralleled by an earlier era of progress… 

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