Markers of exposure to diesel exhaust and cigarette smoke in railroad workers.

@article{Hammond1988MarkersOE,
  title={Markers of exposure to diesel exhaust and cigarette smoke in railroad workers.},
  author={Sally Katharine Hammond and Thomas James Smith and Susan Renee Woskie and Brian P. Leaderer and N Bettinger},
  journal={American Industrial Hygiene Association journal},
  year={1988},
  volume={49 10},
  pages={516-22}
}
Diesel exhaust is a complex mixture of combustion gases, vapors and particles, and personal exposure can be estimated indirectly only. Quantitative estimates of exposure were developed for thirteen job groups in a large epidemiologic study of mortality among railroad workers. Three possible markers of exhaust exposure were developed. The first index was the concentration of respirable particles because this was simple and inexpensive to measure precisely. Major positive interference, however… CONTINUE READING