Marked increase in anti-HIV activity, as well as inhibitory activity against HIV entry mediated by CXCR4, linked to enhancement of the binding ability of tachyplesin analogs to CXCR4.


T22 ([Tyr5,12, Lys7]-polyphemusin II) is a strong anti-HIV compound. Six analogs of T22 and two natural forms were synthesized. Of them, all downsized peptides (14 residues; TW70, T131, T134, and T140) showed a higher selectivity index than did other, 17- or 18-residue peptides. In particular, T134 and T140 showed both lower cytotoxicity and higher… (More)