Marked histiocytosis in the portal tract in a patient with reactive hemophagocytic syndrome: An autopsy case.


We report an autopsy case of reactive hemophagocytic syndrome with peculiar liver histology. A 71-year-old female was diagnosed as having acute myelogenous leukemia and treated with chemotherapy. During her course, methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) was noted in blood culture and she was diagnosed as having MRSA sepsis. She died of respiratory failure 5 months after the onset of leukemia and 10 days after the MRSA sepsis. Ante-mortem liver function tests were within normal ranges. At autopsy, myeloblastic leukemia cells positive for CD13 were present in the bone marrow and, to a much lesser extent, in the spleen and liver. Numerous histiocytes of a bland appearance with erythrophagocytosis were noted in the bone marrow and spleen. The histiocytes were positive for CD68, but negative for S-100 and lysozymes. In the liver, many histiocytes of bland appearance with erythrophagocytosis and CD68 positivity were present in the portal tracts with no Kupffer cell hyperplasia. There were no hepatocellular degeneration, fatty changes or sinusoidal dilations. We consider that this histiocytosis was associated with MRSA infection and diagnosed this as infection-associated hemophagocytic syndrome. In previously reported cases, hemophagocytosis in hyperplastic Kupffer cells was the main liver change of reactive hemophagocytic syndrome. The present case suggests that marked histiocytosis in portal tracts only may be a main feature of liver changes in reactive hemophagocytic syndrome and that such cases may not show abnormal liver function tests.

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@article{Terada1999MarkedHI, title={Marked histiocytosis in the portal tract in a patient with reactive hemophagocytic syndrome: An autopsy case.}, author={Tomoyuki Terada and Hiroyuki Maeta and Katsuya Endo and Shinpei Horie and Yuka Matsunaga and Toshio Ohta}, journal={Pathology international}, year={1999}, volume={49 7}, pages={672-5} }