Marked and unmarked: A choice between unequals in semiotic structure

@inproceedings{Waugh1982MarkedAU,
  title={Marked and unmarked: A choice between unequals in semiotic structure},
  author={Linda R. Waugh},
  year={1982}
}
Markedness — the asymmetrical and hierarchical relationship between the two poles of any opposition — has been a central concept in both phonology and semantics (grammar) in linguistics since the 1930s, when it was first defined and utilized in a systematic way by Nikolaj Trubetzkoy and Roman Jakobson. Since that time it has found wide application both in linguistics and in other studies of semiotic systems, for example, Claude Levi-Strauss's work in anthropology. It has become increasingly… Expand

Figures from this paper

Kinds of Markedness
Markedness. under one conception or the other, has been a part of linguistics since the 1930s, when it was introduced by Troubetzkoy into phonological theory. The notion that it is involved in someExpand
Binary oppositions and spatial representation: Toward an applied semiotics
Primitive mythologies explain the world by envisualizing an analogy between man and nature. Since Levi-Strauss' Structural Anthropology the methodological premise has been almost commonplace thatExpand
Realis le and marked/unmarked aspectual categories in Chinese
Abstract This paper finds that the syntactic position of the particle le in Chinese varies with the structure of the verb phrase (hence VP) to form various meanings with the VP. Differing from theExpand
ON MARKEDNESS
The term 'markedness' is frequently used in a pre-theoretical and undifferentiated manner in recent linguistics. But using the term in theoretical discussions makes only sense if it is clear whatExpand
The Reflection of Markedness in Prototype Category Theory on Semantic Level and Its Implications for Second Language Acquisition
Markedness is one of the analytical principles of linguistics; it indicates the existence of asymmetric relationship inside the language category, and this concept is widely used in phonology,Expand
Markedness, Discoursal Modes, and Relative Clause Formation in a Formal and an Informal Context
Typological markedness has been suggested as a possible explanation or a means of predicting the development of Interlanguage (IL) syntax (Eckman, 1977; Hyltenstam, 1978, 1984; Rutherford, 1982).Expand
The History of the Absolutive Second-Person Pronoun from Common Mayan to Modern Tzotzil
  • J. Robertson
  • Sociology
  • International Journal of American Linguistics
  • 1982
0. In his important article, "A Further Remark on Lachmann's Law," Watkins (1970) clearly demonstrates that for Latin, phonological conditioning is not invariantly phonological. Despite the appealsExpand
The Marking of Sex Distinctions in Polynesian Kinship Terminologies
In Greenberg's cognitive-linguistic theory of kinship universals, it appears that sex, unlike generational distance and genealogical closeness, may not be marked on a consistent basis. This paperExpand
A relative verb for Spoken French: The missing link
The morphosyntactic status of the French ‘subject clitics’ has long generated controversy within many schools of linguistics. Absent from this discussion, however, has been the status of theExpand
Evaluativity in the Afrikaans Equative and Excessive Constructions
Abstract Afrikaans has two degree modifiers translatable as “much,” “many,” or “a lot,” namely veel and baie. However, the default excessive and equative constructions in Afrikaans are te veel (tooExpand
...
1
2
3
4
5
...

References

SHOWING 1-9 OF 9 REFERENCES
ON THE BINARY OPPOSITION
In claiming that "dans la langue il n'y a que des differences" (1968: 166), Saussure left his followers with a difficult problem. For what does it mean to describe a difference? Within linguistics itExpand
Linguistics and poetics
I have been asked for summary remarks about poetics in its relation to linguistics. Poetics deals primarily with the question, What makes a verbal message a work of art? Because the main subject ofExpand
Symmetry , asymmetry , and antisymmetry
  • Systeme du verbe russe : essai de linguistique synchronique
  • 1979
Ob odnom tipe arxaicnyx znakov iskusstva i piktografii
  • Rannie formy isskustva , Nekljudov and Meletinskij
  • 1972
Zur Struktur des russischen Verbums
La Nature des pronoms
  • Problemes de linguistique generate ( 1966 )
  • 1967
Grundzüge der phonologic — Travaux du Cercle linguistique de Prague 1 . — ( 1975 )
  • Asymmetry : An Inquiry into the Linguistic Structure of Poetry
The context - sensitive meaning of the French subjunctive
  • Contributions to Grammatical Studies : Semantics and Syntax ,