Maritime Networks, Port Efficiency, and Hinterland Connectivity in the Mediterranean

  title={Maritime Networks, Port Efficiency, and Hinterland Connectivity in the Mediterranean},
  author={Jean Francois Arvis and Vincent Vesin and Robin Carruthers and C{\'e}sar Ducruet and Peter W. de Langen},
For millennia, the Mediterranean has been one of the most active trading areas, supported by a transport network connecting riparian cities and beyond to their hinterland. The Mediterranean has complex trade patterns and routes--but with key differences from the past. It is no longer an isolated world economy: it is both a trading area and a transit area linking Europe and North Africa with the rest of the world through the hub-and-spoke structure of maritime networks. Understanding how trade… 
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