Marine heatwaves threaten global biodiversity and the provision of ecosystem services

@article{Smale2019MarineHT,
  title={Marine heatwaves threaten global biodiversity and the provision of ecosystem services},
  author={D. Smale and T. Wernberg and E. Oliver and M. Thomsen and Ben P. Harvey and Sandra C. Straub and M. Burrows and L. Alexander and J. Benthuysen and M. Donat and M. Feng and A. Hobday and N. Holbrook and S. Perkins-Kirkpatrick and Hillary A. Scannell and A. Sen Gupta and B. Payne and P. Moore},
  journal={Nature Climate Change},
  year={2019},
  volume={9},
  pages={306-312}
}
The global ocean has warmed substantially over the past century, with far-reaching implications for marine ecosystems1. Concurrent with long-term persistent warming, discrete periods of extreme regional ocean warming (marine heatwaves, MHWs) have increased in frequency2. Here we quantify trends and attributes of MHWs across all ocean basins and examine their biological impacts from species to ecosystems. Multiple regions in the Pacific, Atlantic and Indian Oceans are particularly vulnerable to… Expand

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