Marine biominerals: perspectives and challenges for polymetallic nodules and crusts.

@article{Wang2009MarineBP,
  title={Marine biominerals: perspectives and challenges for polymetallic nodules and crusts.},
  author={Xiaohong Wang and Werner E G M{\"u}ller},
  journal={Trends in biotechnology},
  year={2009},
  volume={27 6},
  pages={375-83}
}
Deep sea minerals in polymetallic nodules, crusts and hydrothermal vents are not only formed by mineralization but also by biologically driven processes involving microorganisms (biomineralization). Within the nodules, free-living and biofilm-forming bacteria provide the matrix for manganese deposition, and in cobalt-rich crusts, coccolithophores represent the dominant organisms that act as bio-seeds for an initial manganese deposition. These (bio)minerals are economically important: manganese… CONTINUE READING

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