Marie Tharp, oceanographic cartographer, and her contributions to the revolution in the Earth sciences

@article{Barton2002MarieTO,
  title={Marie Tharp, oceanographic cartographer, and her contributions to the revolution in the Earth sciences},
  author={Cathy Barton},
  journal={Geological Society, London, Special Publications},
  year={2002},
  volume={192},
  pages={215 - 228}
}
  • C. Barton
  • Published 2002
  • Geology
  • Geological Society, London, Special Publications
Abstract In the early 1950s, two American geologists, Bruce Charles Heezen (1924–1977) and Marie Tharp, began mapping the sea floor to improve understanding of ocean-basin geology and to connect the oceans to the continents theoretically. Both were researchers at the Lamont Geological Observatory of Columbia University, now Lamont-Doherty Earth Observatory. Heezen and Tharp used the ‘physiographic mapping’ technique, which makes it possible to relate topographic features to underlying geology… Expand

Figures from this paper

History of Modern Seafloor Mapping
Over the last century, remotely sensed mapping of continental shelf seafloor topography has had a rich history of applied research with varying techniques, all of which strive to accurately visualizeExpand
The ties that bind: Soil surveyor William Edgar Tharp and oceanographic cartographer Marie Tharp
Abstract The link between soil science and geology is personified in the American father and daughter: soil surveyor William Edgar Tharp (1870–1959) and oceanographic cartographer Marie TharpExpand
Fifty years of the Wilson Cycle concept in plate tectonics: an overview
Abstract It is now more than 50 years since Tuzo Wilson published his paper asking ‘Did the Atlantic close and then re-open?’. This led to the ‘Wilson Cycle’ concept in which the repeated opening andExpand
Mapping the Deep Blue Oceans
The ocean terrain spanning the globe is vast and complex—far from an immense flat plain of mud. To map these depths accurately and wisely, we must understand how cartographic abstraction andExpand
Towards a history of women in the geosciences
Abstract Women have been pioneers in geoscience disciplines such as the structure of the Earth, palaeontology, oil exploration, organic geochemistry and plate tectonics theory. Gaining professionalExpand
Advanced Techniques for Mapping Biophysical Environments on Carbonate Banks Using Laser Airborne Depth Sounding (LADS) and IKONOS Satellite Imagery
Mapping seafloor environments on the continental shelf, over the past several decades, has undergone rapid transitions from early, relatively low-resolution techniques, such as echo sounding inExpand
The Expanding Earth
In the 1960s the once discarded theory of continental drift proposed by Alfred Lothar Wegener was substantially revised and transformed into the modern standard theory of global plate tectonics. ForExpand
Generating higher resolution regional seafloor maps from crowd-sourced bathymetry
TLDR
A method for generating regional bathymetry and geomorphometry maps from crowd-sourced depth soundings (Olex AS) for a small fraction of the cost of multibeam data collection over the same area is presented. Expand
Resolving geological enigmas using plate tectonic reconstructions and mantle flow models
Abstract As the unifying theory in Earth sciences, plate tectonics forms a crucial framework in understanding the geological record. Modern plate reconstructions are constructed in digital modelsExpand
UNIVERSITÉ DU QUÉBEC À MONTRÉAL NUMERICAL MODELLING OF LATERAL VISCOSITY VARIATIONS IN THE EARTH' S MANTLE THESIS SUBMITTED AS A PARTIAL REQUIREMENT FOR THE DEGREE OF MASTER OF SCIENCE IN EARTH SCIENCES BY MARIE NICOLE THOMAS
The open-source code ASPECT is used to model the impact of lateral viscosity variations on instantaneous mantle flow and dynamic topography. The initial viscosity follows the geodynamically inferredExpand
...
1
2
...

References

SHOWING 1-10 OF 68 REFERENCES
A New Class of Faults and their Bearing on Continental Drift
T and half-shears. Many geologists1 have maintained that movements of the Earth's crust are concentrated in mobile belts, which may take the form of mountains, mid-ocean ridges or major faults withExpand
Tectonic fabric of the Atlantic and Indian oceans and continental drift
  • B. Heezen, M. Tharp
  • Geology
  • Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society of London. Series A, Mathematical and Physical Sciences
  • 1965
The floor of the Indian Ocean is dominated by (1) the seismically active Mid-Oceanic Ridge, (2) scattered linear micro-continents (mostly meridional), and (3) fracture zones (some displace the axisExpand
Bearing of the tertiary mountain belt on the origin of the earth’s plan
Introduction One of the grandest facts which the science of geology has established up to the present time is the existence of a great world-belt, or girdle, of Tertiary fold-mountains almostExpand
World rift system
The midocean ridge system is a continuous tectonic feature over 60,000 km in length which covers an area equal to that of all the continents (Figure 1). It is the longest single geological structureExpand
The Ocean of Truth: A Personal History of Global Tectonics
H. W. Menard died on February 9, 1986. His professional legacy includes much of his scientific work in unearthing the floor of the Pacific Ocean, his former students, and his work in the history ofExpand
Maps and Civilization, Cartography in Culture and Society by Norman J. W. Thrower (review)
A cadem ic cartographers have long suffered the derision of some of their colleagues as “tool men.” This book should help dispel some of these notions as Professor Thrower obviously illustrates aExpand
Turbidity Currents and Sediments in North Atlantic
During the past 4 years a large collection of deep-sea cores from the North Atlantic has been brought together at the Lamont Geological Observatory. These cores show that during Pleistocene andExpand
Chain and romanche fracture zones
Abstract A series of left-lateral faults displace the axis of the Mid-Atlantic Ridge in the equatorial Atlantic. Two of the most prominent of these faults are the Romanche and Chain Fracture Zones.Expand
A new dynamic conception of the internal constitution of the earth
SummaryA new conception of dynamic character is given for the internal constitution of the Earth. The main feature of the conception is that the material composition of the Earth becomes more andExpand
The Rejection of Continental Drift: Theory and Method in American Earth Science
Introduction Part 1: Not the Mechanism 1. Two Visions of the Earth 2. The Collapse of Thermal Contraction 3. To Reconcile Historical Geolgoy with Isotasy 4. Drift Mechanisms in the 1920s 5. From FactExpand
...
1
2
3
4
5
...