Marie Tharp, oceanographic cartographer, and her contributions to the revolution in the Earth sciences

@article{Barton2002MarieTO,
  title={Marie Tharp, oceanographic cartographer, and her contributions to the revolution in the Earth sciences},
  author={Cathy Barton},
  journal={Geological Society, London, Special Publications},
  year={2002},
  volume={192},
  pages={215 - 228}
}
  • C. Barton
  • Published 2002
  • Geology, Environmental Science
  • Geological Society, London, Special Publications
Abstract In the early 1950s, two American geologists, Bruce Charles Heezen (1924–1977) and Marie Tharp, began mapping the sea floor to improve understanding of ocean-basin geology and to connect the oceans to the continents theoretically. Both were researchers at the Lamont Geological Observatory of Columbia University, now Lamont-Doherty Earth Observatory. Heezen and Tharp used the ‘physiographic mapping’ technique, which makes it possible to relate topographic features to underlying geology… 

Figures from this paper

History of Modern Seafloor Mapping

Over the last century, remotely sensed mapping of continental shelf seafloor topography has had a rich history of applied research with varying techniques, all of which strive to accurately visualize

The ties that bind: Soil surveyor William Edgar Tharp and oceanographic cartographer Marie Tharp

Fifty years of the Wilson Cycle concept in plate tectonics: an overview

Abstract It is now more than 50 years since Tuzo Wilson published his paper asking ‘Did the Atlantic close and then re-open?’. This led to the ‘Wilson Cycle’ concept in which the repeated opening and

Mapping the Deep Blue Oceans

The ocean terrain spanning the globe is vast and complex—far from an immense flat plain of mud. To map these depths accurately and wisely, we must understand how cartographic abstraction and

Towards a history of women in the geosciences

Abstract Women have been pioneers in geoscience disciplines such as the structure of the Earth, palaeontology, oil exploration, organic geochemistry and plate tectonics theory. Gaining professional

Advanced Techniques for Mapping Biophysical Environments on Carbonate Banks Using Laser Airborne Depth Sounding (LADS) and IKONOS Satellite Imagery

Mapping seafloor environments on the continental shelf, over the past several decades, has undergone rapid transitions from early, relatively low-resolution techniques, such as echo sounding in

The Expanding Earth

In the 1960s the once discarded theory of continental drift proposed by Alfred Lothar Wegener was substantially revised and transformed into the modern standard theory of global plate tectonics. For

Generating higher resolution regional seafloor maps from crowd-sourced bathymetry

A method for generating regional bathymetry and geomorphometry maps from crowd-sourced depth soundings (Olex AS) for a small fraction of the cost of multibeam data collection over the same area is presented.

UNIVERSITÉ DU QUÉBEC À MONTRÉAL NUMERICAL MODELLING OF LATERAL VISCOSITY VARIATIONS IN THE EARTH' S MANTLE THESIS SUBMITTED AS A PARTIAL REQUIREMENT FOR THE DEGREE OF MASTER OF SCIENCE IN EARTH SCIENCES BY MARIE NICOLE THOMAS

The open-source code ASPECT is used to model the impact of lateral viscosity variations on instantaneous mantle flow and dynamic topography. The initial viscosity follows the geodynamically inferred

References

SHOWING 1-10 OF 68 REFERENCES

A New Class of Faults and their Bearing on Continental Drift

T and half-shears. Many geologists1 have maintained that movements of the Earth's crust are concentrated in mobile belts, which may take the form of mountains, mid-ocean ridges or major faults with

Tectonic fabric of the Atlantic and Indian oceans and continental drift

  • B. HeezenM. Tharp
  • Geology
    Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society of London. Series A, Mathematical and Physical Sciences
  • 1965
The floor of the Indian Ocean is dominated by (1) the seismically active Mid-Oceanic Ridge, (2) scattered linear micro-continents (mostly meridional), and (3) fracture zones (some displace the axis

Bearing of the tertiary mountain belt on the origin of the earth’s plan

Introduction One of the grandest facts which the science of geology has established up to the present time is the existence of a great world-belt, or girdle, of Tertiary fold-mountains almost

World rift system

The midocean ridge system is a continuous tectonic feature over 60,000 km in length which covers an area equal to that of all the continents (Figure 1). It is the longest single geological structure

The Ocean of Truth: A Personal History of Global Tectonics

H. W. Menard died on February 9, 1986. His professional legacy includes much of his scientific work in unearthing the floor of the Pacific Ocean, his former students, and his work in the history of

Maps and Civilization, Cartography in Culture and Society by Norman J. W. Thrower (review)

A cadem ic cartographers have long suffered the derision of some of their colleagues as “tool men.” This book should help dispel some of these notions as Professor Thrower obviously illustrates a

Turbidity Currents and Sediments in North Atlantic

During the past 4 years a large collection of deep-sea cores from the North Atlantic has been brought together at the Lamont Geological Observatory. These cores show that during Pleistocene and

A new dynamic conception of the internal constitution of the earth

SummaryA new conception of dynamic character is given for the internal constitution of the Earth. The main feature of the conception is that the material composition of the Earth becomes more and

The Rejection of Continental Drift: Theory and Method in American Earth Science

Introduction Part 1: Not the Mechanism 1. Two Visions of the Earth 2. The Collapse of Thermal Contraction 3. To Reconcile Historical Geolgoy with Isotasy 4. Drift Mechanisms in the 1920s 5. From Fact
...