Marckalada: The First Mention of America in the Mediterranean Area (c. 1340)

@article{Chiesa2021MarckaladaTF,
  title={Marckalada: The First Mention of America in the Mediterranean Area (c. 1340)},
  author={Paolo Chiesa},
  journal={Terrae Incognitae},
  year={2021},
  volume={53},
  pages={88 - 106}
}
  • P. Chiesa
  • Published 4 May 2021
  • Terrae Incognitae
The Cronica universalis written by the Milanese friar Galvaneus Flamma (it. Galvano Fiamma, d. c. 1345) contains an astonishing reference to a terra que dicitur Marckalada, situated west from Greenland. This land is recognizable as the Markland mentioned by some Icelandic sources and identified by scholars as some part of the Atlantic coast of North America. Galvaneus’s reference, probably derived by oral sources heard in Genoa, is the first mention of the American continent in the… 

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