Mapping the location of prognostically significant microcirculatory patterns in ciliary body and choroidal melanomas

Abstract

The microcirculation of choroidal and ciliary body melanomas is remodeled into architecturally distinctive patterns. The presence of two histologic microvascular patterns, networks and parallel vessels with cross-linking, is strongly associated with metastasis. This study was designed to test the hypothesis that networks and parallel vessels with cross-linking patterns are not distributed evenly throughout the tumor. From a set of 234 eyes removed for ciliary body or choroidal melanoma, 152 tumors contained at least one focus of either vascular networks or parallel vessels with crosslinking. Histological cross-sections were digitized and foci of tumor containing these patterns were pseudocolorized so that their location within the periphery or central tumor zone could be mapped. Ciliary body and choroidal melanomas vary widely in size and shape and it is not appropriate to describe the periphery of a tumor as a fixed value because in a small tumor, the periphery thus defined would occupy a larger percent area than in a larger tumor. In this study, the peripheral and central zones of each tumor were described by a function that was constant from tumor to tumor, allowing the width of the peripheral and central zones to vary proportionally with tumor size. Observed counts of vascular patterns per zone were compared statistically with expected counts based upon the percent area occupied by the peripheral and central zones. Discrete foci of networks and parallel with cross-linking vessels are over-represented in the tumor periphery (p < 0.0001).

DOI: 10.1007/BF02904815

6 Figures and Tables

Cite this paper

@article{Folberg1996MappingTL, title={Mapping the location of prognostically significant microcirculatory patterns in ciliary body and choroidal melanomas}, author={Robert Folberg and Margaret Fleck and Mary G Mehaffey and Margaret Meyer and Suzanne Elizabeth Bentler and Robert F . Woolson and Jacob Pe’er}, journal={Pathology & Oncology Research}, year={1996}, volume={2}, pages={229-236} }