Mapping the UK webspace: fifteen years of british universities on the web

  title={Mapping the UK webspace: fifteen years of british universities on the web},
  author={Scott A. Hale and Taha Yasseri and Josh Cowls and Eric T. Meyer and Ralph Schroeder and Helen Z. Margetts},
  booktitle={WebSci '14},
This paper maps the national UK web presence on the basis of an analysis of the .uk domain from 1996 to 2010. It reviews previous attempts to use web archives to understand national web domains and describes the dataset. Next, it presents an analysis of the .uk domain, including the overall number of links in the archive and changes in the link density of different second-level domains over time. We then explore changes over time within a particular second-level domain, the academic subdomain… 

Figures from this paper

A Global Approach to the Spatial Diversity and Dynamics of Internet Domains
The global geography of domains in reference to states and other entities of spatial organization, and changes in the positions of individual websites are discussed, which are related to the so‐called balkanization of the Internet.
The Dawn of today's popular domains: A study of the archived German Web over 18 years
A longitudinal study spanning almost the whole period of the Web, based on data collected by the Internet Archive starting in 1996, to retrospectively analyze how the popular Web as of now has evolved over the past 18 years, finding that around 70% of the pages investigated are younger than a year, with an observed exponential growth in age as well as in size up to now.
What does the Web remember of its deleted past? An archival reconstruction of the former Yugoslav top-level domain
This article argues that the use of the Web as a primary source for studying the history of nations is conditioned by the structural ties between sovereignty and the Internet protocol, and by a
Digital era local government in England : service reform and the Internet
digital era local government in england service reform and the internet tom nicholls green templeton college university of oxford Local governments have been developing online services, aiming to
The colors of the national Web: visual data analysis of the historical Yugoslav Web domain
This study empirically analyzes all graphically designed images extracted from Websites hosted in the historical .yu domain and archived by the Internet Archive between 1997 and 2000 to assess the utility and value of visual data analytics as a measure of nationality of a Web domain.
A Holistic View on Web Archives
Only all three views together provide the holistic view that is required to effectively work with web archives, which considers websites, pages or extracted facts as nodes in a graph.
Computational Methods for Web History
Born-digital materials challenge historians’ well-established source criticism techniques used for establishing facts based on the authenticity, authorship and authority of documents, for they are ephemeral, immaterial, fragile and easy to manipulate.
Live versus Archive: Comparing a Web Archive and to a Population of Webpages
It is found that the Internet Archive contains a surprisingly small subset, about 24%, of the webpages of the website that the authors use for their case study (the travel site, TripAdvisor), and the subset of data found appears to be biased and is not a random sample of thewebpages on the site.
Modeling clusters from the ground up: A web data approach
This paper proposes a new methodological framework to identify economic clusters over space and time. We employ a unique open source dataset of geolocated and archived business webpages and
Mailing list archives as useful primary sources for historians: looking for flame wars
ABSTRACT This paper aims to show the potential of mailing list archives as primary sources for studying recent history of science. In order to focus on the debates regarding software within the


Historical Network Analysis of the Web
This article discusses some of the fundamental methodological challenges related to doing historical network analyses of the web based on material in web archives. Since the late 1990s many countries
Governing from the Centre? Comparing the Nodality of Digital Governments
What difference does e-government make to the capacity of governments to interact with citizens? How does it affect government’s place in social and informational networks the ‘nodality’ of
World citation and collaboration networks: uncovering the role of geography in science
A systematic analysis of citation and collaboration networks between cities and countries, by assigning papers to the geographic locations of their authors’ affiliations shows that the citation flows as well as the collaboration strengths between cities decrease with the distance between them and follow gravity laws.
Governing from the Centre? Comparing the Nodality of Digital Governments
What difference does e-government make to the capacity of governments to interact with citizens? This paper investigates how widespread use of the Internet by citizens and governments affects
Characterization of national Web domains
A side-by-side comparison of the results of 12 Web characterization studies, comprising over 120 million pages from 24 countries, unveils similarities and differences between the collections and sheds light on how certain results of a single Web characterization study on a sample may be valid in the context of the full Web.
Linguistic patterns of academic Web use in Western Europe
A survey of linguistic dimensions of Web site hosting and interlinking of the universities of sixteen European countries shows that English is the dominant language both for linking pages and for all pages, providing evidence for the multilingual character of academic use of the Web in Western Europe, at least outside the UK and Eire.
Landscaping climate change: a mapping technique for understanding science and technology debates on the World Wide Web
The technique described here “landscapes” a debate by displaying key “webby” relationships between organizations by plotting two organizational positionings—the organizations' inter-hyperlinking as well as their discursive affinities.
Longitudinal trends in academic web links
Surprisingly, however, inlink counts can vary significantly from year to year for individual universities, for reasons unrelated to research which undermines their use in webometrics studies.
Temporal Evolution of the UK Web
This paper presents the first statistical analysis performed on this graph, with the goal of checking whether the information contained in the graph is reliable (i.e. whether it depends essentially on appearance and disappearance of pages and links, or on the crawler behaviour).
Community, tools, and practices in web archiving: The state‐of‐the‐art in relation to social science and humanities research needs
This article summarizes the current state of web archiving in relation to researchers and research needs and outlines the challenges that still face researchers who wish to engage seriously with web content as an object of research, and archivists who must strike a balance reflecting a range of user needs.