The mammalian ribosome is a massive structure composed of 4 RNA species and about 80 different proteins. One of these ribosomal proteins, S3, appears to function not only in translation but also as an endonuclease in repair of UV-induced DNA damage. Moreover, the first intron of human RPS3 transcripts is processed to generate U15A, a small nucleolar RNA. We localized the nested RPS3/U15A genes to the immediate vicinity of D11S356 and D11S533 on human chromosome 11q13.3-q13.5 using a combination of somatic cell hybrid analysis, fluorescence in situ hybridization, and YAC/STS content mapping. These findings add to the evidence that genes encoding ribosomal proteins are scattered about the human genome.