Manzhou yuanliu kao and the Formalization of the Manchu Heritage

  title={Manzhou yuanliu kao and the Formalization of the Manchu Heritage},
  author={Pamela Kyle Crossley},
  journal={The Journal of Asian Studies},
  pages={761 - 790}
  • P. Crossley
  • Published 1 November 1987
  • History
  • The Journal of Asian Studies
During the Qianlong period (1736–95) in China, knowledge of Manchu origins, much of which had been of a folk or informal character, was given documentary institutionalization—that is, incorporation into the Qing (1636–1912) imperial cultural mosaic by the act of writing something official about it. Much but by no means all of Manchu civilization was derived from Jurchen culture (tenth–seventeenth centuries), which was primarily a folk culture in which oral tradition, shamanic ritual, and clan… 

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