Many Hands Make Light the Work: The Causes and Consequences of Social Loafing

@article{Latan1979ManyHM,
  title={Many Hands Make Light the Work: The Causes and Consequences of Social Loafing},
  author={B. Latan{\'e} and K. Williams and S. Harkins},
  journal={Journal of Personality and Social Psychology},
  year={1979},
  volume={37},
  pages={822-832}
}
Two experiments found that when asked to perform the physically exerting tasks of clapping and shouting, people exhibit a sizable decrease in individual effort when performing in groups as compared to when they perform alone. This decrease, which we call social loafing, is in addition to losses due to faulty coordination of group efforts. Social loafing is discussed in terms of its experimental generality and theoretical importance. The widespread occurrence, the negative consequences for… Expand

Figures from this paper

Effects of personal involvement: Thought-provoking implications for social loafing.
Participation in Team Sports Can Eliminate the Effect of Social Loafing
Social Loafing in Cheerleaders: Effects of Team Membership and Competition
Social loafing: A meta-analytic review and theoretical integration.
Evaluation and Performance
...
1
2
3
4
5
...

References

SHOWING 1-10 OF 25 REFERENCES
The Ringelmann effect: Studies of group size and group performance
Coaction effects on a muscular endurance task.
Models for inferring relationships between group size and potential group productivity.
The Unresponsive Bystander: Why Doesn't He Help?
A theory of social impact
  • St. Louis, Mo.: Psychonomic Society,
  • 1973
Experimental social psychology
...
1
2
3
...