Many Hands Make Light the Work: The Causes and Consequences of Social Loafing

  title={Many Hands Make Light the Work: The Causes and Consequences of Social Loafing},
  author={Bibb Latan{\'e} and Kipling D. Williams and Stephen G. Harkins},
  journal={Journal of Personality and Social Psychology},
Two experiments found that when asked to perform the physically exerting tasks of clapping and shouting, people exhibit a sizable decrease in individual effort when performing in groups as compared to when they perform alone. This decrease, which we call social loafing, is in addition to losses due to faulty coordination of group efforts. Social loafing is discussed in terms of its experimental generality and theoretical importance. The widespread occurrence, the negative consequences for… 

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