Manuring and stable nitrogen isotope ratios in cereals and pulses : towards a new archaeobotanical approach to the inference of land use and dietary practices

  title={Manuring and stable nitrogen isotope ratios in cereals and pulses : towards a new archaeobotanical approach to the inference of land use and dietary practices},
  author={Rebecca A. Fraser and Amy Bogaard and Tim H. E. Heaton and Michael P Charles and Glynis Jones and Bent Tolstrup Christensen and Paul Halstead and Ines Merbach and P. R. Poulton and Debbie L. Sparkes and Amy K. Styring},
  journal={Journal of Archaeological Science},

Complexities of nitrogen isotope biogeochemistry in plant-soil systems: implications for the study of ancient agricultural and animal management practices

  • P. Szpak
  • Environmental Science
    Front. Plant Sci.
  • 2014
The importance of understanding nitrogen dynamics in ancient contexts is discussed, and several key areas of archaeology where a more detailed understanding of these processes may enable us to answer some fundamental questions are highlighted.

Disentangling the effect of farming practice from aridity on crop stable isotope values: A present-day model from Morocco and its application to early farming sites in the eastern Mediterranean

Agriculture has played a pivotal role in shaping landscapes, soils and vegetation. Developing a better understanding of early farming practices can contribute to wider questions regarding the

Manuring practices in the first millennium AD in southern Sweden inferred from isotopic analysis of crop remains

Whether the isotopic data that indicates sustained and high manuring levels could reflect the wealth of Uppåkra and its surrounding areas by showing prosperity also in its agricultural production is explored, since intensive manuring would have required more resource and labor investments.

Integrating botanical, faunal and human stable carbon and nitrogen isotope values to reconstruct land use and palaeodiet at LBK Vaihingen an der Enz, Baden-Württemberg

In this paper we reconstruct the palaeodietary setting of LBK Vaihingen an der Enz, south-west Germany (later sixth millennium cal. bc) using δ13C and δ15N values of human and faunal bone collagen

Nitrogen isotope values of pearl millet grains ( Pennisetum glaucum ): towards a reconstruction of past cultivation conditions in the Sahel

The nitrogen isotopic composition of charred wheat and barley grains reflect manuring intensity and have been used to reconstruct manuring practices at archaeological sites across Europe and western

Using Maize δ15N values to assess soil fertility in fifteenth- and sixteenth-century ad Iroquoian agricultural fields

It is demonstrated that Iroquoian farmers were successful at maintaining nitrogen in their agricultural fields, and the potential value of obtaining δ15N values on archaeological maize in the investigation of Native American agronomic practices is indicated.

Stable isotopic insights into crop cultivation, animal husbandry, and land use at the Linearbandkeramik site of Vráble-Veľké Lehemby (Slovakia)

The plant and animal components of Linearbandkeramik (LBK) subsistence systems were remarkably uniform with cattle, emmer and einkorn wheat providing the primary source of sustenance for Europe’s

Effects of marine biofertilisation on Celtic bean carbon, nitrogen and sulphur isotopes: Implications for reconstructing past diet and farming practices

Isotopic enrichment in nitrogen and sulphur using marine resources has significant implications when reconstructing diets and farming practices in archaeological populations.

Isotopic Evidence for Changes in Cereal Production Strategies in Iron Age and Roman Britain

ABSTRACT Following the Roman conquest, agricultural production in Britain faced increasing demand from large urban and military populations. While it has long been thought that this necessitated an



Towards the archaeobotanical identification of intensive cereal cultivation: present-day ecological investigation in the mountains of Asturias, northwest Spain

Abstract. The region of Asturias, northwest Spain, is highly unusual in that a cereal crop (spelt wheat) is cultivated on a garden scale using horticultural methods. A floristic survey was made of

Long-term changes of the δ15N natural abundance of plants and soil in a temperate grassland

Tracing back the N use efficiency of long-term fertilizer trials is important for future management recommendations. Here we tested the changes in natural N-isotope composition as an indicator for N-

Interpreting early land management through compound specific stable isotope analyses of archaeological soils.

Compound specific stable isotope analyses of managed soils using isotope ratio mass spectrometry have been undertaken as a means of determining early land use practices. delta (15)N amino acid

Plant and soil natural abundance δ15N: indicators of relative rates of nitrogen cycling in temperate forest ecosystems

Results from this study suggest that fine root and organic soil δ15N can be used as an indicator of relative rates of soil N cycling.

Global patterns of the isotopic composition of soil and plant nitrogen

We compiled new and published data on the natural abundance N isotope composition (δ15N values) of soil and plant organic matter from around the world. Across a broad range of climate and ecosystem

Identifying the intensity of crop husbandry practices on the basis of weed floras

A question of broad economic and social significance is the extent to which farming in prehistoric times, and perhaps even in historical times, was characterised by cultivation on a small scale and

Questioning the relevance of shifting cultivation to Neolithic farming in the loess belt of Europe: evidence from the Hambach Forest experiment

Abstract. Despite widespread criticism, the shifting cultivation model continues to inform discussion of Neolithic farming in Europe, beginning with early Neolithic (Linearbandkeramik or LBK)

Distinguishing the Effects of Agricultural Practices Relating to Fertility and Disturbance: a Functional Ecological Approach in Archaeobotany

The autecological method of analysis known as FIBS (functional interpretation of botanical surveys) is applied to a study of the present-day weed floras associated with different levels of