Manually controlled human balancing using visual, vestibular and proprioceptive senses involves a common, low frequency neural process.


Ten subjects balanced their own body or a mechanically equivalent unstable inverted pendulum by hand, through a compliant spring linkage. Their balancing process was always characterized by repeated small reciprocating hand movements. These bias adjustments were an observable sign of intermittent alterations in neural output. On average, the adjustments… (More)

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