Mantle-driven dynamic uplift of the Rocky Mountains and Colorado Plateau and its surface response: Toward a unified hypothesis

@article{Karlstrom2012MantledrivenDU,
  title={Mantle-driven dynamic uplift of the Rocky Mountains and Colorado Plateau and its surface response: Toward a unified hypothesis},
  author={Karl E. Karlstrom and David Coblentz and Kenneth G. Dueker and William B. Ouimet and Eric Kirby and J. Wijk and Brandon Schmandt and Shari A. Kelley and Gregory D. Lazear and Laura J Crossey and Ryan S. Crow and Andres Aslan and Andrew L. Darling and Richard C. Aster and Jonathan MacCarthy and S. Hansen and Joshua C. Stachnik and Daniel Fritz Stockli and R. V. Garcia and M. Hoffman and Ryan McKeon and J. D. Feldman and Matthew T. Heizler and Magdalena S. Donahue},
  journal={Lithosphere},
  year={2012},
  volume={4},
  pages={3-22}
}
The correspondence between seismic velocity anomalies in the crust and mantle and the differential incision of the continental-scale Colorado River system suggests that significant mantle-to-surface interactions can take place deep within continental interiors. The Colorado Rocky Mountain region exhibits low-seismic-velocity crust and mantle associated with atypically high (and rough) topography, steep normalized river segments, and areas of greatest differential river incision… 

Figures from this paper

Late Miocene erosion and evolution of topography along the western slope of the Colorado Rockies

In the Colorado Rocky Mountains, the association of high topography and low seismic velocity in the underlying mantle suggests that recent changes in lithospheric buoyancy may have been associated

A rootless rockies—Support and lithospheric structure of the Colorado Rocky Mountains inferred from CREST and TA seismic data

Support for the Colorado high topography is resolved using seismic data from the Colorado Rocky Mountain (CRM) Experiment and Seismic Transects. The average crustal thickness, derived from P wave

Dynamic topography of the western Great Plains : geomorphic and 40Ar/39Ar evidence for mantle-driven uplift associated with the Jemez lineament, New Mexico and SE Colorado

The causal mechanisms for the onset and patterns of post-Miocene erosion of the western Great Plains remain the subject of an enthusiastic debate concerning the roles of climatically modulated

Intraplate volcanism at the edges of the Colorado Plateau sustained by a combination of triggered edge‐driven convection and shear‐driven upwelling

Although volcanism in the southwestern United States has been studied extensively, its origin remains controversial. Various mechanisms such as mantle plumes, upwelling in response to slab sinking,

The ups and downs of North America: Evaluating the role of mantle dynamic topography since the Mesozoic

The driving force for transient vertical motions of Earth's surface remains an outstanding question. A main difficulty lies in the uncertain role of the underlying mantle, especially during the

Continental Tectonics Inferred From High‐Resolution Imaging of the Mantle Beneath the United States, Through the Combination of USArray Data Types

A comprehensive North American upper mantle seismic‐tomographic model, NA13, was inferred from a combination of several decades of seismic data from early North American seismic networks and USArray

Surface uplift above the Jemez mantle anomaly in the past 4 Ma based on 40Ar/39Ar dated paleoprofiles of the Rio San Jose, New Mexico, USA

We combine 15 new 40 Ar/ 39 Ar ages with existing age constraints of basalts to investigate the incision and denudation history of the ∼150-km-long Rio San Jose (RSJ) of west-central New Mexico (USA)

U-series geochronology of large-volume Quaternary travertine deposits of the southeastern Colorado Plateau: Evaluating episodicity and tectonic and paleohydrologic controls

Large-volume travertine deposits in the southeastern Colorado Plateau of New Mexico and Arizona, USA, occur along the Jemez lineament and Rio Grande rift. These groundwater discharge deposits reflect
...

References

SHOWING 1-10 OF 163 REFERENCES

Lithospheric structure of the Colorado Rockies from CREST and TA seismic data

The Southern Rocky Mountains reside in west-central Colorado and mark the transition from the tectonically active Western US to the stable North American Craton. Located between the Colorado Plateau

Mantle convection and the recent evolution of the Colorado Plateau and the Rio Grande Rift valley

The Colorado Plateau contains Late Cretaceous marine strata that are at a mean elevation of ~2 km. The timing and amount of uplift since the Cretaceous has generated considerable debate. With the

Small-scale convection at the edge of the Colorado Plateau: Implications for topography, magmatism, and evolution of Proterozoic lithosphere

The Colorado Plateau of the southwestern United States is characterized by a bowl-shaped high elevation, late Neogene–Quaternary magmatism at its edge, large gradients in seismic wave velocity across

Colorado Plateau magmatism and uplift by warming of heterogeneous lithosphere

It is suggested that warming of heterogeneous lithosphere is a powerful mechanism for driving epeirogenic rock uplift of the Colorado Plateau and may be of general importance in plate-interior settings.

Continuing Colorado plateau uplift by delamination-style convective lithospheric downwelling

This work combines new seismic tomography and receiver function images to resolve a vertical high-seismic-velocity anomaly beneath the west-central plateau and suggests that this particular event has been active over the past ∼6 Myr.

Crust and upper mantle shear wave structure of the southwest United States: Implications for rifting and support for high elevation

[1] Surface wave phase velocities from 29 earthquakes are used to map the shear velocity structure to � 350 km depth across the 950-km-long Rio Grande Rift Seismic Transect Experiment (LA RISTRA)

Dynamic subsidence and uplift of the Colorado Plateau (Invited)

We use inverse models of mantle convection to explore the vertical evolution of the Colorado Plateau. By satisfying multiple constraints (seismic tomography, stratigraphy in the western United States

Deep mantle forces and the uplift of the Colorado Plateau

We introduce a quantitative model of global mantle convection that reconstructs the detailed motion of a warm mantle upwelling over the last 30 Ma towards the interior of the southwestern USA from

Active foundering of a continental arc root beneath the southern Sierra Nevada in California

Viscous coupling between the crust and mantle is therefore apparently driving present-day surface subsidence.
...