Mannosylerythritol lipids: production and applications.

@article{Morita2015MannosylerythritolLP,
  title={Mannosylerythritol lipids: production and applications.},
  author={T. Morita and T. Fukuoka and T. Imura and D. Kitamoto},
  journal={Journal of oleo science},
  year={2015},
  volume={64 2},
  pages={
          133-41
        }
}
Mannosylerythritol lipids (MELs) are a glycolipid class of biosurfactants produced by a variety yeast and fungal strains that exhibit excellent interfacial and biochemical properties. MEL-producing fungi were identified using an efficient screening method for the glycolipid production and taxonomical classification on the basis of ribosomal RNA sequences. MEL production is limited primarily to the genus Pseudozyma, with significant variability among the MEL structures produced by each species… Expand
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References

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TLDR
The genes responsible for MEL biosynthesis were identified, and their genetic study is now in progress, aiming to control the chemical structure. Expand
Production of glycolipid biosurfactants by basidiomycetous yeasts
TLDR
MELs (mannosylerythritol lipids), which are glycolipid BSs abundantly produced by basidiomycetous yeasts such as strains of Pseudozyma, exhibit not only excellent interfacial properties, but also remarkable differentiation‐inducing activities against human leukaemia cells. Expand
Production of glycolipid biosurfactants, mannosylerythritol lipids, by Pseudozyma siamensis CBS 9960 and their interfacial properties.
TLDR
Results demonstrated that the newly identified MEL-C produced by P. siamensis exhibits not only high surface activity but also excellent self-assembling properties, and should facilitate the development of promising yeast biosurfactants. Expand
Activation of fibroblast and papilla cells by glycolipid biosurfactants, mannosylerythritol lipids.
TLDR
The present MEL-A produced from soybean oil should have a potential as a new hair growth agent stimulating the papilla cells, according to the cell activating property of MELs. Expand
Production and Characterization of a Glycolipid Biosurfactant, Mannosylerythritol Lipid B, from Sugarcane Juice by Ustilago scitaminea NBRC 32730
TLDR
Sugarcane juice is likely to be effective in glycolipid production by U. scitaminea NBRC 32730, and should facilitate the application of MELs, and showed a ceramide-like skin-care property in a three-dimensional cultured human skin model. Expand
Efficient production of mannosylerythritol lipids with high hydrophilicity by Pseudozyma hubeiensis KM-59
TLDR
The present glycolipids with high hydrophilicity are thus very likely to have practical potential without further purification and to expand the application of MELs especially their use in washing detergents and oil-in-water-type emulsifiers. Expand
Efficient production of di- and tri-acylated mannosylerythritol lipids as glycolipid biosurfactants by Pseudozyma parantarctica JCM 11752(T).
TLDR
The present strain of P. parantarctica provided high efficiency in MEL production at elevated temperatures compared to conventional MEL producers, and would thus be highly advantageous for the commercial production of the promising biosurfactants. Expand
Discovery of Pseudozyma rugulosa NBRC 10877 as a novel producer of the glycolipid biosurfactants, mannosylerythritol lipids, based on rDNA sequence
TLDR
Soybean oil and sodium nitrate were the best carbon and nitrogen sources, respectively, and the supplementation of a MEL precursor, such as erythritol, drastically enhanced the production yield from soybean oil at a rate of 70 to 90%. Expand
Formation and analysis of mannosylerythritol lipids secreted by Pseudozyma aphidis
TLDR
Pseudozyma aphidis DSM 70725 was found to be a novel producer of mannosylerythritol lipids (MELs) and all fatty acids contained in MEL and derived from soybean oil or related methyl ester were degraded by C2-units to differing extents. Expand
The moisturizing effects of glycolipid biosurfactants, mannosylerythritol lipids, on human skin.
TLDR
The effects of different MEL derivatives on the skin were evaluated in detail using a three-dimensional cultured human skin model and an in vivo human study, suggesting that MELs are likely to exhibit a high moisturizing action, by assisting the barrier function of the skin. Expand
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