Manipulations of fundamental and formant frequencies influence the attractiveness of human male voices

@article{Feinberg2005ManipulationsOF,
  title={Manipulations of fundamental and formant frequencies influence the attractiveness of human male voices},
  author={David R. Feinberg and Benedict C. Jones and Anthony C. Little and D Michael Burt and David Ian Perrett},
  journal={Animal Behaviour},
  year={2005},
  volume={69},
  pages={561-568}
}
In human voices, low fundamental frequency is thought to be a cue to masculinity and reproductive capability and large vocal tracts are associated with large body size of the speaker. Female preferences for males with low fundamental frequencies and large vocal tract lengths are potentially adaptive. Although sexually dimorphic characteristics of male voices have been studied, the impact of manipulations of secondary sexual characteristics on preferences for male voices has not. We manipulated… Expand

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