Manipulations of Emotional Context Shape Moral Judgment

@article{Valdesolo2006ManipulationsOE,
  title={Manipulations of Emotional Context Shape Moral Judgment},
  author={Piercarlo Valdesolo and David DeSteno},
  journal={Psychological Science},
  year={2006},
  volume={17},
  pages={476 - 477}
}
Recent work in psychology and neuroscience has revealed that moral judgments are often mediated by two classes of brain processes (Greene, Nystrom, Engell, Darley, & Cohen, 2004; Greene, Sommerville, Nystrom, Darley, & Cohen, 2001; Haidt, 2001). One class, probably reflecting earlier evolutionary development, consists of processes that automatically alter hedonic states in response to specific types of socially relevant stimuli. A second class consists of more domain-general, effortful… 

Tables from this paper

Emotion, Neuroscience, and Law: A Comment on Darwin and Greene
Darwin’s (1871/1981) observation that evolution has produced in us certain emotions responding to right and wrong conduct that lack any obvious basis in individual utility is a useful springboard
Damage to the prefrontal cortex increases utilitarian moral judgements
TLDR
It is shown that six patients with focal bilateral damage to the ventromedial prefrontal cortex (VMPC), a brain region necessary for the normal generation of emotions, produce an abnormally ‘utilitarian’ pattern of judgements on moral dilemmas that pit compelling considerations of aggregate welfare against highly emotionally aversive behaviours.
Mechanisms of Moral Development
Moral evaluations constitute a fundamental aspect of human psychology. How does moral competence develop? For decades, this question has been addressed within cognitive-developmental frameworks
Oscillatory correlates of moral decision-making: Effect of personality
TLDR
Higher conscientiousness and intellect and lower behavioral activation were associated with greater difference in oscillatory responses between utilitarian and non-utilitarian choices in personal than in impersonal condition, indicating that sensitivity to moral issues and the ability to grasp the nuances of moral situation are essential for understanding the implications of utilitarian choices inpersonal and impersonal conditions.
Specificity of meta-emotion effects on moral decision-making.
TLDR
Principal components analysis revealed two latent factors-clarity of emotion and attention to emotion-which cut across all three meta-emotion instruments and provided unique variance beyond that of verbal and abstract reasoning abilities.
Moral Judgment
TLDR
This review focuses on moral judgments and is written from the perspective of cognitive psychologists interested in theories of the cognitive and affective processes underlying judgments in moral domains.
Evaluative focus: A dual-process view of moral judgment
TLDR
The results suggest that – across both purity and harm –condemnation of immoral behavior arises principally from a personal aversion to performing the target action, which shapes third-party judgments through the partly unconscious simulation of the agent's perspective.
Moral Ambivalence: Modeling and Measuring Bivariate Evaluative Processes in Moral Judgment
Moral judgments often appear to arise from quick affectively toned intuitions rather than from conscious application of moral principles. Sometimes people feel that an action they observe or
...
...

References

SHOWING 1-7 OF 7 REFERENCES
An fMRI Investigation of Emotional Engagement in Moral Judgment
TLDR
It is argued that moral dilemmas vary systematically in the extent to which they engage emotional processing and that these variations in emotional engagement influence moral judgment.
Social psychology: Handbook of basic principles.
Part I: Biological System. Caporael, Evolutionary Theory for Social and Cultural Psychology. Blascovich, Seery, Visceral and Somatic Indexes of Social Psychological Constructs: History, Principles,
The emotional dog and its rational tail: a social intuitionist approach to moral judgment.
  • J. Haidt
  • Psychology
    Psychological review
  • 2001
TLDR
The author gives 4 reasons for considering the hypothesis that moral reasoning does not cause moral judgment; rather, moral reasoning is usually a post hoc construction, generated after a judgment has been reached.
Feelings and phenomenal experiences
Following an initial emphasis on " cold " cognitive processes, which could be conceptualized within the computer metaphor of the information processing paradigm, social cognition researchers
Rights, Restitution and Risk: Essays in Moral Theory
TLDR
Insubscriptions the British Medical Association (BMA) brushed aside any suggestion of a 'nofault' scheme more money for its members, and Lord Scarman has reviewed the impact on medical ethics of two separate court cases.
Rights, Restitution, and Risk: Essays in Moral Theory.
Editor's Preface 1. A Defense of Abortion 2. Rights and Deaths 3. Self-Defense and Rights 4. Some Ruminations on Rights 5. Rights and Compensation 6. Killing, Letting Die, and the Trolley Problem 7.