Manipulation of parental effort affects plumage bacterial load in a wild passerine

Abstract

It has been suggested that plumage microorganisms play an important role in shaping the life histories of wild birds. Some bacteria may act as pathogens or cause damage to feathers, and thereby reduce individual fitness. Intense parental care in birds can result in a reduction of self-maintenance and preening behavior in parents and therefore might affect… (More)
DOI: 10.1007/s00442-015-3238-1

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Cite this paper

@article{Alt2015ManipulationOP, title={Manipulation of parental effort affects plumage bacterial load in a wild passerine}, author={Grete Alt and Pauli Saag and Marko M{\"a}gi and Veljo Kisand and Raivo M{\"a}nd}, journal={Oecologia}, year={2015}, volume={178}, pages={451-459} }